Uk hiv partner

HIV partner notification (PN) is a process in which contacts of people with HIV are identified and offered HIV testing. This strategy provides considerable opportunities to reach those at highest risk of HIV and reduce onward transmission through approaches such as post-(PEP) and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and well established antenatal interventions. Improvements in HIV treatment mean people living with HIV in the UK are living longer and most can expect to have a normal life expectancy. In 2013 one in four adults living with HIV were aged 50 and over, compared to only one in eight in 2003. As people living with HIV live to an older age, a greater If your partner could have been exposed to HIV, telling him straight away means that he can access post-exposure prophylaxis, also known asPEP. You can get PEP at most sexual health clinics, or you can call THT Direct on 0808 802 1221 to find the nearest PEP service to you. In addition to correct and consistent use of condoms, counsellors may suggest that the HIV-positive partner take antiretroviral drugs, regardless of his or her immune status. Studies show that this can both keep the positive partner healthier for longer, and reduce the risk they will pass the virus to their loved one. HIV or human immunodeficiency virus is a retrovirus virus that is transmitted through genital fluids and blood. The HIV virus destroys cells that found in the immune system called the T cells or CD4 cells. These cells are responsible for fighting against infections. As a result, the body gets unable to fight off infections and other illnesses. A number of people in the UK have been prosecuted and jailed for transmitting HIV to their sexual partners. All of the prosecutions in England and Wales to date have been brought under Section 20 ... The United Kingdom (UK) has a relatively small, concentrated HIV epidemic, with an estimated 101,600 people living with HIV in 2017.1 This translates into an HIV prevalence of 1.7 per 1,000 people of all ages or 2.2 per 1,000 of people aged 15-74 years.2 In the same year, 4,363 people were newly diagnosed with HIV, a number that is steadily declining each year, falling by 17% between 2016 and ... It’s safer for the HIV-positive partner to be the receiving person. That’s because the lining of the anus is very thin, which may let HIV enter the body easily. ... HIV i-Base (UK): “HIV ... practice around HIV partner notification currently exists. There are a number of barriers faced by healthcare workers which serve to hold back HIV partner notification in the UK. This includes a lack of specific guidance and an absence of clarity around the commissioning process, as well as a variety of complex ethical dilemmas. Anal sex increases the chances of HIV more than any other type of sex. There are two types of anal intercourse. Receptive anal sex, or being on bottom, is when a partner’s penis penetrates the anus.

Concerned for my partner 😔

2020.10.20 14:07 BritLad2689 Concerned for my partner 😔

My partner and I recently discovered we are positive. We couldn’t work out how it had happened as we had always taken precautions and regularly tested, and didn’t engage in hugely high risk behaviour.
The trouble is, because of Covid-19, he is stuck in Brazil (which I used to love but after this experience I now realise is a toilet). I’m in the UK.
I started my medication; Delstrigo, about a month ago with a viral load of roughly 40,000+ and CD4 count of 900. After a month on Delstrigo, with no side effects (pretty much), the viral load dropped to 159! Pretty impressive.
My partner however, had to wait 5 weeks for his second test (because Brazil is a toilet that advertises HIV provisions as world class, but actually they don’t care about anyone). He then got a test and had to come back a week later for his Meds. He got his meds, but was told he would need to take 2 a day for 10 days. In 10 days he will see the virologist who will give him his ‘proper’ medication that he is to take longer term. His CD4 is 302... and his viral load is 300,000...
I’m terrified that it will develop into AIDs (which I believe is less than 200 CD4 count). I’m also scared because I know when I went for my meds, it was found that I had a resistance (can’t remember if it’s in my blood or the virus itself) to certain meds.
If that’s the case, he would have the same resistances (if it’s the virus resisting) would he not? And if he has the same resistances, how do we know the pills he is to take for the next 10 days, will work?
Has anyone had experience with these types of concerns? Can anyone shed some light on this? How do we know these interim ones will work rather than his CD4 declining further?
I’m so upset and cut up about this. Bad enough being so far apart since March (I won’t even go into my opinions on these restrictions)... but now having this fear that he’ll go back in ANOTHER 10 days and find out these pills didn’t do anything and his CD4 count has dropped below 200.
I’m terrified, and this is all new to me as I only found out I was positive in August (this is how long it’s taken for them to get him to this stage).
I used to love Brazil. Now I despise it.
submitted by BritLad2689 to hivaids [link] [comments]


2020.10.16 15:48 TexasRedFox COVID-19 related. Hear me out: what if we made refusal to wear a mask/face shield, gathering in large groups, making nonessential outings, and violating quarantine, all felonies?

We already have similar laws in the US to punish people who knowingly infect other individuals with HIV after not warning their partner of the risk. The prosecution and penalties associated with this awful act make infecting someone, intentionally or unintentionally, with HIV while not disclosing your own HIV+ status the legal equivalent of attempted murder, negligent homicide, reckless manslaughter, etc. In other words, it punishes the HIV+ person, who infected someone without telling them they are positive, for woeful disregard of human life.
Why not apply this same logic to those self-centered idiots who refuse to mask up, avoid groups, make trips for silly reasons especially during lockdowns, or self-quarantine upon getting infected with COVID-19? It’s obvious these people need a firm hand to stop them from endangering others.
How would we enforce this, you might ask? I propose a hybrid approach: more pandemic-related patrolling by the police a là Italy, the UK, and China, giving them the authority to write tickets or arrest people who fail to comply; a movement and contact tracing app like they use in South Korea to approve movement of residents for essential trips outside the house and aggressively track those who are infected and anyone they may have come into contact with, useful for when lockdowns have to be implemented; require businesses by law to not allow people inside without a mask; and a snitching system that offers cash incentives to people who report any non compliant peers and neighbors to the authorities. As extreme as these tactics sound, I can’t think of any other way to get coronavirus deniers or otherwise selfish people on board with working together to beat the virus. All of this would be temporary, obviously, with restrictions being eased once the virus numbers get significantly lower.
But what about people with disabilities or other legitimate medical conditions that make wearing a mask a danger to their health or wellbeing? Like those with autism, severe anxiety disorder, and COPD, for example? We can certainly make exceptions for them, but they or their caregivers would need to apply for a special kind of paper or identification that exempts them from the mask. They would need a signed and notarized letter from their doctors and caregivers explaining why wearing a mask is not feasible for that individual, supporting documentation that proves they can and should not wear a mask, and they would need to set up an appointment with the local health authorities to bring all their papers and have their case reviewed by a board to determine if they can be granted an exemption. It would need to be handled on a case-by-case basis, too. The amount of red tape and time consumption involved will surely discourage those who would attempt to cheat the system just so they don’t have to wear a mask.
You might also be wondering, if we’re forcing people to stay home and not go to school, work, restaurants, or places deemed nonessential, how will they pay rent and feed their families? Simple: increase taxes on the rich and provide a monthly $2,000 stipend to offset financial burdens that come with not going to work, like they’re doing in Canada right now. We have the money to feasibly do this, despite what the corporate media might tell you. We spend trillions of dollars to send soldiers overseas, why not spend that money closer to home, where it will help the most? Yes, it will put the country in debt and strain the Treasury, but aren’t people’s lives more important than the economy? We can fix it later, but not at the expense of the working class people who are suffering and dying from the virus.
Tl;dr—Too many Americans are being selfish and don’t care if they infect other people with the coronavirus. We need some heavy-handed enforcement to bring these spreaders in line so we can avoid a lockdown and get back to normal life quicker. There are already tactics we can copy from Italy, the UK, China, and South Korea so that we can get people to adopt a more group-oriented mentality in fighting the pandemic, rather than letting selfish individualism cause more suffering.
submitted by TexasRedFox to PoliticalOpinions [link] [comments]


2020.10.14 08:53 xdhpv Welcome to /r/HPV - A safe place to go when times are hard v2

Quote from /STD - it applies to /HPV either:
The sub is intended to help calm the anxiety that comes with a potential STD infection through education, awareness, and prevention techniques. If you have concerns about your health, please seek a health care provider to address the concerns you have. No subreddit's contents can replace actual medical care from a physician.
1. INTRODUCTION
As CDC says:
HPV infections are so common that nearly all men and women will get at least one type of HPV at some point in their lives. Most people never know that they have been infected and may give HPV to a sex partner without knowing it. Nearly 80 million Americans are currently infected with some type of HPV. About 14 million people in the United States become newly infected each year.
Most people with HPV never develop symptoms or health problems. Most HPV infections (9 out of 10) go away by themselves within two years. But, sometimes, HPV infections will last longer, and can cause certain cancers and other diseases. HPV infections can cause:
  • cancers of the cervix, vagina, and vulva in women;
  • cancers of the penis in men; and
  • cancers of the anus and back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils (oropharynx), in both women and men.
  • warts and genital warts
Most HPV infections are transient and asymptomatic, causing no symptoms. More than 90% of new HPV infections, including those caused by high-risk HPV types, clear or become undetectable within 2 years, and clearance usually occurs in the first 6 months after infection.
As dr Handsfield wrote:
Probably 25-30% of all sexually active men in North America or Europe are diagnosed at one time or another with genital warts. (...) Going further, at least 90% get HPV at least once, and at any point in time at least 50% of all men and women in their 20s and 30s have active HPV infections.
IMPORTANT message for MSM: please vaccinate yourself as soon as possible:
Participant mean age was 25 years (range = 18–40), with 48.9% self-identifying as gay and 86.5% reporting having sex exclusively with men. At baseline, 530 participants had HPV DNA present (61.1% with high-risk HPV, 84.9% with low-risk HPV)
source
FDA approves expanded use of Gardasil 9 to include individuals 27 through 45 years old
2. HOW TO KEEP MENTAL HEALTH DURING HPV INFECTION?
HPV infections are so common that nearly all men and women will get at least one type of HPV at some point in their lives. Most people never know that they have been infected and may give HPV to a sex partner without knowing it. Nearly 80 million Americans are currently infected with some type of HPV. About 14 million people in the United States become newly infected each year. source
"Women who reported self-destructive coping strategies, like drinking, smoking cigarettes or taking drugs when stressed, were more likely to develop an active HPV infection," said principal investigator Anna-Barbara Moscicki, MD, FAAP, chief of the Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine and professor of pediatrics at the University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine. "We also found that women who were depressed or perceived themselves to have lots of stress were more likely to have HPV persistence," she said, adding that this study is the first to show these connections between stress and HPV persistence. source
When researchers looked at the 10 most prevalent types of HPV, they noted 36% of prevalent infections persisted after six months, 20% persisted to 12 months, 13% persisted to 18 months and 9% persisted to 24 months (95% CI for all). source
Most HPV infections in young men and women are transient, lasting no more than one or two years. Usually, the body clears the infection on its own. It is estimated that the infection will persist in only about 1% of women. It is those infections that persist which may lead to cancer. There is some research that suggests that the virus can hide deep in the affected mucosa or skin for several years, below detectable levels. These are called “latent” infections. Having an HPV-positive test followed by an HPV-negative test might mean two different things: that the virus has been completely cleared by the body, or that the level of infection is so small that laboratory tests cannot detect it. Thus, HPV might “reappear” several years after an infection (whether or not it was treated) when the immune system weakens (because of aging, pregnancy, illness, etc.) and then cause lesions. It is unknown what proportion of HPV infections go latent, nor what proportions are truly cleared by the body.
https://mcgill.ca/traphpv/hpvfacts
HPV infection is necessary but not sufficient to develop CIN. More than 90% of infections are spontaneously cleared by the immune system within one year without treatment. Approximately 60% of CIN 1 lesions regress without treatment and less than 1% progress to cancer. However, it is estimated that 5% of CIN 2 and 12% of CIN 3 cases will progress to invasive cancer if untreated. In general, it takes 10 to 20 years for CIN to progress to cancer, allowing a significant time period for detection and treatment. Progression from CIN to cancer requires persistent HPV infection.
Co-factors associated with persistent HPV infection and progression of disease include smoking, HIV infection, and other types of immunosuppression.
source
Previous studies have reported that women with lower intakes of vegetables and fruits as well as vitamins A, C, and E have a higher risk of high grade CIN and CC [9,12]. Accordingly, our study highlighted the protective role of the prudent dietary pattern, a Mediterranean-like diet pattern, which was negatively associated with the risk of CIN2+. Particularly, CIN2+ risk was lower among women with medium–high adherence, compared to those with low adherence to the prudent pattern. source
People who eat fruits and vegetables, which happen to be good sources of antioxidants and other phytochemicals, have a lower risk of heart disease and some neurological diseases, and there is evidence that some types of vegetables and fruits in general, protect against a number of cancers as epidemiological studies revealed, without providing the answer whether any specific bioactive molecules within fruit and vegetable have a special contribution on lower incidence. However, 80% of American children and adolescents and 68% of adults do not eat five portions a day. Inadequate dietary intakes of vitamins and minerals are widespread, most likely due to excessive consumption of energy-rich, micronutrient-poor, and refined food. source
Multiple studies have found both smoking and alcohol use to be significant risk factors of persistent oral and genital HPV infection. It has been proposed that the carcinogens in cigarette smoke increase viral load as well as the likelihood of cancerous transformation of the epithelial cells infected with HPV. source
See this post about food supplements and immunostimulants and this Table of Evidence about alternative treatments.
“HPV is extraordinarily common and is the most common sexually transmitted disease. Almost every sexually active person gets exposed to at least one, if not several, of the 15 carcinogenic viruses,” said Mark Schiffman, MD, head of the HPV unit at the Hormonal and Reproductive Epidemiology Branch of the Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics at the National Cancer Institute (NCI).
“If you’ve got HIV, you’ve got HIV, but if you’ve got HPV, you’re about to not have HPV,” Schiffman said. “Nine out of 10 times you don’t have it in two years. Maybe your body suppresses it like chickenpox, maybe it is completely gone, but the result is that you are OK.”
“If you look at the curve, what it shows is that if you wait six months, you’ve gotten rid of half your worry,” Schiffman said.
https://www.reddit.com/HPV/comments/9k1yr0/hpv_disclosure_open_discussion/
3. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (F.A.Q)
Q: I have a que...
Before asking any questions download and read the CDC's guideline:
Q: Can I upload my photos to /HPV?
No, you can't. There are special subreddits such as /IsThisHPV /genitalwarts /Warts where you can upload your photos. Besides of that only a real doctor can diagnose you. Some people think that Fordyce spots, Vestibular papillomatosis, Pearly penile papules or Molluscum are warts.
Q: I'm a virgin. Can I have genital warts?
Very unlikely. You can search Google for keywords:
Q: How to deal with stress?
Check this NHS website:
Q: Does HPV infection mean infidelity?
HPV is often shared between partners and can lie dormant for many years; having HPV does not imply infidelity, nor should it necessarily raise concerns about a partner’s health.
https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/hpv-cancer.htm
Q: Does removing genital warts remove the infection?
No (that's why recurrence rates are high).
Q: Will I have genital warts forever?
Only ~1% people with low risk HPV have recurrent genital warts.
Q: What are genital warts transmission rates?
Genital warts are very contagious, with an estimated rate of infection between 60 and 75 percent from unprotected exposure (NIAID, 2004; Soper, 2002). The incubation period for genital warts is usually between three weeks and six months, but it may last for years after exposure (ASHA, 1998; ASHA, 2006).
source
Q: Will I have oral warts?
Around 0.5% people have oral warts and 5% people with HIV, so there is no need to panic about oral warts. If you want to get a proper diagnosis then see ENT (Ear Neck Throat) doctor.
Oral warts are usually asymptomatic, may be persistent or uncommonly, may regress spontaneously. HPV-associated oral warts have a prevalence of 0.5% in the general population, occur in up to 5% of HIV-seropositive subjects, and in up to 23% of HIV-seropositive subjects on highly active antiretroviral therapy.
source
Q: Should I vaccinate myself if I have / had HPV infection?
Check these links and decide by yourself:
Search for the paragraph named "HPV Prophylactic Vaccines Used as Therapeutic Vaccines":
Q: I'm scared of HPV vaccine. I saw many scary stories on anti-vaxx websites.
See this PDF file:
Q: Is Gardasil really safe?
It seems so:
Q: How effective is Gardasil? How about 1 shot? How about 2 shots?
Check these links:
Q: How long does Gardasil work?
At least 12 years:
Vaccine effectiveness of 100% (95% CI 94·7–100) was demonstrated for ≥12 years, with a trend toward continued protection through 14 years post-vaccination. Seropositivity rates at study conclusion were >90% (HPV6/11/16) and 52% (HPV18) using competitive Luminex immunoassay, and >90% (all four HPV types) using the more sensitive IgG Luminex immunoassay.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2589537020301450
Q: I have many questions but I can't see a doctor. What can I do?
Check this website:
Q: Should I disclose my active/previous infections?
Check this link:
How about HPV and relationships?
Here is dr Handsfield's opinion: answer to the question #4882
Over time, almost all HPV infections are suppressed or entirely eradicated by the immune system.
Our usual advice about genital warts is that people should either abstain with new partners, or advise potential partners of their infection, for 3-6 months after treatment, then not necessary if no recurrence of the wart. These are not science-based guidelines, just a common sense approach of many STD experts.
But none of this applies to current, ongoing partner(s). You can safely assume regular partners have already been repeatedly exposed, and no need or benefit to stopping contact now. That horse is long out of the barn, no use in closing the door now.
https://www.askexpertsnow.com/ask-the-experts/
Q: Is HPV for life?
Comment from /Virology CJay07
I studied HPV for my PhD work, and the statement that "HPV is with you for life" isn't accurate. Most sexually active individuals are infected with HPV at one point during their lifetime. Epidemiological estimates range from 60-80% by the time you reach your forties. However, most infections are cleared by the immune system within a few months. A small subset of those individuals that do not clear the virus maintain a persistent infection (~1-2 years), but even those infections get cleared. An even smaller set of people go on to cancer. By that time however, the virus is generally long gone. One common situation in HPV-associated cancer is where the viral genome accidentally becomes a part of the host chromosome and the oncogenic (tumor promoting) elements of the virus become constitutively expressed. Those elements lead to rapid cell growth, among other things. Despite a little bit of the viral genome present at this stage, no viral particles can (or will be) produced.
HPV infects basal epithelial stem cells, which are self renewing and give rise to the rest of the skin architecture. Here, the virus is maintained as an episome (viral DNA tethered to the host chromosome). There are no in tact virus particles here. Just viral DNA. It takes about three weeks for daughter cells (cells produced from the epithelial stem cells) to reach the surface, and it is not until during the final stages of cellular differentiation (cells becoming keratinized, stratifying, forming the uppermost layers of the skin) that you actually get the production of infectious virus particles. The virus coat (capsid), which envelops and protects the viral DNA, is produced very late during skin differentiation. This is a very fancy mechanism for immune evasion if you think about it. The superficial layers of the skin are not routinely surveyed by the immune system (because these cells are going to die), so by the time HPV expresses its most immunogenic products (the capsid proteins), immune cells are rarely to be found. This is one thought for how HPV can persist for so long (months to years), although the virus has many other "tricks" up its sleeve to hide from the immune system. With all that being said, when I say "virus is cleared", I mean the viral DNA is gone from its reservoir cell (the epithelial stem cell). Once that is gone, you don't have new viral particles being produced, and those particles that are hanging out on/in the skin will be lost during the natural turnover of the skin. This process wouldn't take long. It's more on the order of weeks, rather than years.
Other opinions:
Virologist, John Doorbar about HPV clearance and latency:
Q: How many people have latent infections?
In case of women (results from 15 years):
Most CIN3+ cases (76%) were diagnosed in women who were positive at baseline (the first known positive HPV result); 16% were attributed to apparent newly detected infections and 3% to possible reappearing infections.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32141607
Q: What is low risk HPV clearance time?
Information submitted by IvoryHorse:
Q: Why HPV clearance takes so much time?
The host’s immune response to HPV infection (humoral immunity, mainly IgG) is usually slow, weak, wane over time, and varied considerably with many women not seroconverting. Generally, close to half of the individuals seroconvert to L1 protein of HPV 16, 18, or 6 within 18 months. Other HPV antigens [E1, E2, E6, and L2] do not evoke any antibody responses in patients with acute or persistent HPV infection. Natural infection-elicited antibodies may not provide complete protection to HPV over time. A recent WHO position paper stated that host antibodies, mostly directed against the viral L1 protein, do not necessarily protect against subsequent infection by the same HPV genotype.
source
Q: I'm worried about oral HPV...I'm worried about GWs transmission...
Please read answers made by dr Handsfield: Oral HPV questions and Genital warts transmission on Ask the Experts website.
More informations about oral HPV:
Read these links before asking questions about oral HPV.
Q: What are the first-line treatments against genital warts?
You can try Cryotherapy, Imiquimod / Aldara, Podophyllotoxin, Veregen, Laser surgery. Don't use Podophyllin. The problem with all treatments is that there are high recurrence rates. Removing GWs doesn't mean HPV clearance. It's just removing symptoms.
Q: How about urethral warts?
You can ask your doctor about Laser surgery, electrocauterization (painful), ingenol mebutate (expensive) or photodynamic therapy.
Q: I'm gay. What doctor should I see?
Q: What are the first-line treatments against nongenital warts?
Salicylic acid and Cryotherapy. Check this article:
Q: Can immunotherapy be used against warts?
Yes, please check this link and download the PDF file:
Q: How to use Podophyllotoxin? How to use Imiquimod? How to use...?
Q: How effective are treatments against genital warts?
See this PDF:
Another study:
The most efficacious treatments compared to placebo were surgery (RR 10.54; CI 95% 4.53–24.52), ablative therapy + imiquimod (RR 7.52; CI 95% 4.53–24.52), and electrosurgery (RR 7.10; CI 95% 3.47–14.53). SUCRA values confirmed the superiority of surgery (90.9%), ablative therapy + imiquimod (79.8%), and electrosurgery (77.1%). The most efficacious patient-administered treatments were podophyllotoxin 0.5% solution (63.5%) and podophyllotoxin 0.5% cream (62.2%).
source
Q: My doctor suggested podophyllin against genital warts. Should I use it?
Read this PDF:
Q: Which treatments should I use?
Ask your doctos. They finished medical schools and get money from you. Let them do their job. If your doctor is ignorant then find a better one.
Q: Can I use OTC freeze kits against GWs?
No. Avoid ignorant and dangerous ideas from some random people/websites. Dr School's clearly states:
Do not use on areas with thin skin such as the face, armpits, breasts, bottom, or genitals. Use on these areas may cause burns and permanent scarring.
Do not use on moles, birthmarks, warts with hair growing from them, genital (on penis or vaginal areas) warts, or on warts on the face or mucous membranes (such as inside mouth, nose, anus, genitals, lips, ears or near eyes). It may cause burns and permanent scarring of skin or blindness.
Q: My doctor gave me Podophyllotoxin... My doctor gave me Imiquimod / Aldara… can I use it more often? I'm really desperated.
No. Don't do it. You will get serious side-effects. Stick to the instructions from your doctor and from the leaflets. One time I used Podophyllotoxin for 3.5 days (it should be used for 3 days) and it created small wounds in my genital area. It wasn't a nice experience.
Q: Can I combine Cryotherapy and Podophyllotoxin?
See this clinical study and ask your doctor.
Q: What is the cheapest/easiest way to lower chances for GW recurrences?
Propably it's genital warts removal combined with oral Zinc or Zinc Sulphate. Unfortunately Zinc can cause side-effects in some people. Always read the original clinical studies to know all details (i.e. about dosage).
See this post:
Q: How about Inosine Pranobex?
See this PDF about Inosine Pranobex.
Q: Can Zinc be useful against nongenital warts?
See this PDF: Oral Zinc for warts.
Q: Many clinical studies are locked behind pay walls. What to do?
Please use www.sci-hub.se website. Usually it's enough to copy and paste DOI to download PDF with selected clinical study.
Q: Are there any medicines that boosts immune system?
Yes, there is Inosine Pranobex and it's quite popular in central Europe. Unfortunately it can cause some side-effects. The generic names of Inosine Pranobex are i.e. Groprinosin, Neosine. You can check the leaflet: PDF file.
Q: What is the cheapest supplement that might be useful against high risk HPV infections?
Propably it's Casein hydrolysate and some vitamins. Unfortunately it tastes terrible. You can check the study about HuPaVir that contains Casein hydrolysate:
Q: Are there any new therapies against genital warts?
There is ISDIN Verrutop, which can be used against nongenital and genital warts. It's made in Spain but can be ordered from online shop in Portugal. ISDIN Verrutop should be applied by health professionals. Check its leaflet: LINK.
Q: Is it safe to get pregnant soon after LEEP procedure?
It will be better if you will wait at least 12 months.
Five hundred ninety-six patients met inclusion criteria. Median time from LEEP to pregnancy was significantly shorter for women with an spontaneous abortion (20 months, interquartile range 11.2–40.9 vs. 31 months, interquartile range 18.7–51.2, p-value 0.01), but did not differ for women with a term birth compared to preterm birth. Women with a time interval shorter than 12 months compared to 12 months or more had a significantly increased risk for spontaneous abortion (17.9% vs. 4.6%, aOR 5.6, 95%CI 2.5–12.7).
source
Q: Are there any new therapies for women?
Please check this study about gel called Biguanelle: LINK and Papilocare: LINK.
Q: Are there any effective laser therapies (besides laser surgery)?
There is photodynamic therapy (effective against genital warts and CIN)
By 1 week after the last treatment, the complete clearance rate was 95.93% in the ALA‐PDT group and 100% in CO2 laser group (P>0.05). The clearance rate of CA at male urethral orifice was100% in the ALA‐PDT group and 100% in the CO2 laser group (P>0.05). The overall recurrence rate calculated by the end of the entire follow‐up period was significantly lower in the ALA‐PDT group than that in the CO2 laser group (9.38% vs 17.39%, P<0.05).
source
All patients achieved complete clinical remission one week after the last session of treatment, and human papillomavirus loads decreased significantly. Six months follow-up after completion of therapy, none of the patients had recurrence.
source
and Pulsed Dye Laser therapy (effective against genital and non genital warts).
Complete resolution of treated warts was achieved in 96% of lesions. Side effects were limited, transient and infrequent. Lesion recurrence rate was 5%.
source
Unfortunately both therapies are not available for the most people.
Q: What are the recurrence rates for genital warts?
You can find the answer for this question (and other basic questions) in CDC manual.
Recurrence of anogenital warts within 3 months is common (approximately 30%), whether clearance occurs spontaneously or following treatment.
Q: I have strong genital warts outbreaks. Why?
There are many possibilities, for example:
Q: I have Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis. Is there any hope for me?
Please check clinical studies about RRP and Gardasil. You can also check the studies about MVA E2 therapeutic vaccine.
Q: I don't have a health insurance. Can I use Apple Cider Vinegar? ACV?
ACV can cause chemical burns, scars or make your skin thicker. It's always better to see a doctor than try not reliable "home remedies". If you live in the USA then Planned Parenthood clinics should be affordable.
One Redditor wrote:
As soon as I realized [that I have genital warts] I went to the doctor and she gave me some medicine but then I freaked out and stopped using the medicine and instead used vinegar method which worked but left big scars and it spread like crazy.
Another Redditor wrote:
Do not I repeat do not use ACV it seriously fucked me up thank God I didn't use it in the glans and only the shaft. If you wanna see what it did to me I can do you a picture and it will change your mind fast. It looked like my dick got road rash.
Q: Can I shave my genital area?
It's better to trim genital hair than shave.
Q: Where can I find the informations about different HPV strains? Is there any list of different strains?
Check this PDF file:
Q: Are there any therapeutic vaccines?
There aren't any comercially available therapeutic vaccines, however there are some vaccines that showed efficiency in clinical studies:
There are many ongoing clinical trials:
Besides of that some scientists / dermatologists use:
Search Google Scholar for more informations about each vaccine.
Q: Can nongenital wart spread to genital area? Can genital wart spread to nongenital area?
In the most cases - no. Some HPV strains know how to infect either areas with mucosa (i.e. penis, vagina, anus, mouth) or normal skin. Unfortunately one study showed that HPV7 can infect both areas:
PCR screening for HPV7 in other 190 individual AGW specimens revealed 25 positive cases (13.16%), of which the amplified fragments were sequenced and confirmed to be HPV7 sequences. Although HPV7 was generally found in hand warts and recently also in warts in toe webs, our data suggested that the role of HPV7 in AGW should be considered in the future clinical test and vaccine development for AGWs.
source
Q: How about hand-to-genital HPV transmission?
Clinicians can reassure their patients that HPV transmission is unlikely to occur through hand-to-genital contact. The majority of genital HPV infections are likely to be caused by genital-to-genital sexual transmission.
source
Q: Can low-risk HPV strains cause carcinomas and HSIL?
It's rare but possible.
Anal squamous cell carcinomas are predominantly associated with high‐risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs), particularly HPV 16, similar to cervical, vaginal and vulvar cancers. Although the presence of “low‐risk” HPVs, in particular genotypes 6 and 11, have occasionally been reported in various HPV‐related anogenital cancers, the overall distribution of these genotypes in the anal canal and perianal tissue may differ to that in the cervix. In addition, although the majority of anal and perianal cancers are associated with HPV, some are not; hence, confirmation of direct association of the virus within a lesion is important. Using laser capture microdissection, anal and perianal invasive carcinomas and high‐grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs) in biopsies previously associated with HPV 6 or 11 alone were isolated from tissue sections and HPV genotype tested. Of seven cases tested, four invasive carcinomas were positive for HPV 6 only, one invasive carcinoma was negative for HPV and two HSILs were positive for HPV 11 only. (...) From these results, we confirm that HPV 6 and 11 can occasionally be associated with high‐grade lesion and anal cancer.
source
Q: Can high-risk HPV mimic genital warts?
Studies have shown that oncogenic genotypes 16 and 18 may be also related with condylomatous lesions in nearly 12% of cases. Moreover, HPV-driven VSCC and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) are mainly related to HPV-16, although other HPV subtypes are also frequent. It has been proven that approximately 10-15% of women with vulvar HPV-changes have genital warts on the cervix, and 50% of them show cytological and colposcopic evi- dences of HPV infections. Therefore, inappropriate treatment of both low and high-risk HPV sub- types infections carries a significant risk factor for the development of precursor lesions and neoplasia.
source
Q: I'm a male. Should I know something more about HPV?
Yes, please see this article: Genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infections in Men as a Factor for the Development of Cervical Cancer.
Q: Is it possible to get tested? Can males get tested?
If you are a woman, then you can ask your doctor for a pap smear and HPV test. Besides of that some companies offer HPV testing, however their tests are not approved by FDA. See this quote:
Many are methods for HPV detection used in cervical cancer screening as well as in the study and management of patients with cytological alterations of the lower genital tract. Need for HPV detection methods in men are numerous: screening for both partnegender; anogenital warts; recurrent respiratory papillomatosis; HPV-related cancer in men; fertility. No HPV test for men has been approved by the FDA, nor has any test been approved for detection of the virus in areas other than the cervix. Many are methods for HPV detection that have shown their usefulness in some of the pathologies associated with male HPV but, despite this, none of them has been approved for man.
source
Q: Is pap smear a HPV test?
No. Pap smear checks if there are any abnormal cells. HPV PCR test checks if there are any HPV strains in the selected area (i.e. cervix). Doctors can take samples for pap smear and HPV test during 1 procedure.
See the CDC website:
Q: How about acetowhite test?
The sensitivity of the acetowhite test for hyperplastic warts is very high, but for other types of warts is low. Detection of subclinical HPV-infected areas is difficult; the acetowhite test did not assist in the identification of additional areas of infection in our patients.
source
Q: How about HPV and IUD or contraceptives?
Check the post submitted by MysteriousPace2: Research on IUDs and HPV.
Q: I would like to try medicinal mushrooms...
Unfortunately lots of food supplements contain useless starch and many companies lie about their products. They sell placebo and use mumbo-jumbo language. You can check results of one research: Evaluation on quality consistency of Ganoderma lucidum dietary supplements collected in the United States. If you want to use medicinal mushrooms then always use extracts and check their active ingredients (i.e. beta-glucans, triterpenes, cordycepin).
Q: I would like to know something more about... ?
Please open Google Scholar and use keywords that are interesting for you. You can also search Ask the Experts website.
A few questions and answers from Ask the Experts website:
4. QUICK LINKS = MORE INFORMATIONS
Genital warts
Recurrent genital warts
Nongenital warts - common warts, plantar warts, periungual warts...
CIN 1, CIN 2, CIN 3
Immunostimulants: Inosine Pranobex, AHCC, medicinal mushrooms, Zinc...
submitted by xdhpv to HPV [link] [comments]


2020.10.06 17:21 TheWholeHallway Lost a friend over my HIV status

This story comes from a few years ago, but I'd thought I'd share it as I still find it quite bizarre.
I was diagnosed with HIV at 22. Was in a longterm relationship at the time. (And to clarify, every boyfriend I've had has started and left our relationships negative. 1 pill a day guys. It's not as complicated as some of you make it seem)
Not knowing anything other than gay fear and stigma at the time, I was pretty horrified. But after speaking with my HIV doctor, having my partner speak with my HIV doctor, and doing research, I calmed down. I got used to taking my pill. And life continued. Then, I decided to tell a friend about it.
Now, this wasn't my best friend in the world, but he was a close online buddy I would occasionally hang with IRL too. We'd talk everyday for a few months, then go silent for a few because of life, but there was never any bad blood between us. Not until I decided to share my status with him.
The moment I told him he went quiet. I must've typed about 6 paragraphs explaining my thoughts, feelings, and just ramblings on everything. I was just unloading, which we did with one another whenever we spoke, and I got a message back saying "can we stop talking about this, it makes me uncomfortable."
That kinda... irked me? Oh, the thing I've been grappling with for months on end is making YOU uncomfortable? Okay. I didn't react with anger or frustration though, I simply asked him why, and his response was one that a lot of ignorant people have. "Because I always think I might have it."
I followed up with "when did you last get tested."
His response. "Oh, a few years ago."
Me: "Why don't you get tested."
Him "Because I might have it, but I probably don't so it's fine."
This made my blood boil. Someone who has HIV and is undetectable is not going to give you HIV. Someone who doesn't have a clue what their status is can give you HIV. I tried to explain this to him but he didn't want to hear it. I can't remember how mad I got, (because I got it from someone who didn't know their status, so I may have lashed out a little) but it ended with him saying something along the lines of "I don't think I can handle speaking with you anymore. Bye." And off he went, blocking me from everything.
Just because you don't know it doesn't mean you don't have it. And if you get a result that's positive, you'll get on the medication you need and never put anyone at risk again.
A little scientifically-backed research for your reading:
https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/science-clear-hiv-undetectable-equals-untransmittable
https://www.tht.org.uk/hiv-and-sexual-health/about-hiv/viral-load-and-being-undetectable#:~:text=HIV%20medication%20(antiretroviral%20treatment%2C%20or,viral%20load%20or%20being%20undetectable.
https://www.avert.org/living-with-hiv/antiretroviral-treatment/what-does-undetectable-mean
submitted by TheWholeHallway to askgaybros [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 21:21 EllieTransitionx A Guide to NHS Funded Fertility Preservation (Sperm/ Egg/ Gamete Storage - Cryopreservation)

My journey to accessing fertility preservation was an absolute nightmare. This is due to primarily Covid, but also funding issues. I am writing this post in the hope it greatly simplifies navigating the process for others, so they don't have to go through what I had to.
My journey began in January when I finally received my diagnosis from a specialist, went to visit my GP and asked for NHS-funded fertility preservation. My GP (like many GP's) was unsure how to do this and advised they'd investigate and get back to me. It became apparent that they forgot to do this. I saw another GP 4 weeks later, who advised the process and put in a funding application. There were unfortunately admin issues that meant I didn't receive my approved funding until another 6 weeks later. By this point it was too late, as all non-emergency/ imminently life-threatening procedures across the entire NHS were basically postponed because of Covid-19 to allow there to be more hospital beds, and minimise transmission between healthcare workers.
I got there eventually. In July I was finally advised the fertility clinic could see me. However, that same clinic went into a second lockdown meaning my treatment was postponed until late August, and I returned for a second appointment this month.
I've now finally started hormones 10 days ago - whoop! :) NHS funded fertility preservation during these strange times we find ourselves in definitely is possible. I'd definitely advise however, if when reading this post your region is about to enter another Covid lockdown, you act quickly, forget NHS funding (if possible), and find a means of self-funding to avoid going through the turmoil of waiting (and not knowing when the wait will be over.)
If however another lockdown in your region seems unlikely at the time of reading this post, then this is how you can pursue NHS funding.
I won't go into all the in's and out's. Just here's what you need to do:

Tip: if you live in London you most likely belong to the North West London Consortium (Group) of CCG's. The 8 London CCG's (Brent, Harrow, Hillingdon, Central London, West London, Hammersmith & Fulham, Hounslow and Ealing) all abide by North West London Consortium of CCG's funding policies

For example: Here are all of North West London Consortium of CCG's shared policies, and forms for GP's to fill out published on the Hounslow CCG website: https://www.hounslowccg.nhs.uk/newspublications/publications.aspx?n=2136 . This link explains the process for your GP to apply for funding too: https://www.hounslowccg.nhs.uk/services/individual-funding-requests.aspx

Tip: Try to keep the email general and to the point - for example: "Dear CCG, please can you confirm whether you will fund cryopreservation for a transgender patient due to start hormone therapy medical treatment that's very likely to impact their fertility and possibly undergo future surgeries? If so, please can you advise the process in which my GP can make the funding application, and the typical response times? Many thanks, ....", rather than telling your whole life story, or they'll probably just say they only deal with GP's and ask you to get your GP to write to them instead)
Tip: A paragraph with a statement relating to impact on fertility should be in your report when you were diagnosed and hormone treatment was recommended. Including this in the funding application could really help boost it being approved by the CCG*. If you're DIY'ing/ on a bridging prescription, and this is required, then perhaps you could try writing to the London GIC hormones team, or a private clinic, explain you're self-medding and that you'd like NHS funded fertility preservation, then ask if they can write a letter to boost your application confirming that when a patient (in general) takes hormones it's likely to impact their fertility.*
Note: In London, due to the high volume of funding applications. An Individual Funding Request (whereby a GP basically has to write an essay explaining why and how the treatment will benefit you, and why it should be NHS funded) is not required. A funding application for Cryopreservation is required, but NWL Consortium of CCG's don't require a board review it. A GP can instead apply for funding using the super-quick to fill out tickbox Planned Procedure with Threshold (PPwT) form, that means you'll get a funding decision in ~ 5 working days time, rather than a few months if the GP applies using an Individual Funding Request application.)

----------------------
Tip: The HFEA Fertility Clinic Regulator has a great tool here to compare clinics: https://www.hfea.gov.uk/choose-a-clinic/clinic-search/. don't just choose the clinic that's closet to you. Possible things to consider are: how many years is your NHS funding for (most CCG's won't fund beyond 10 years for any patient)? What will be the cost you have to self-fund after your approved NHS funding? What are the success rates like at the clinic? How friendly are the staff when you enquire over the phone/ email about treatment at their clinic? How soon can they see you? etc...
Note: if you choose a clinic outside of your region's CCG, it is possible to receive NHS funding, but a contract (if it doesn't already exist) will probably need to be setup between the CCG in which you are a patient of, and the CCG that you are having treatment at belongs to. This will add further delays. The CCG will probably ask your GP to justify why you want treatment outside of their area. You may for example choose to justify this as it'll be cheaper at x clinic than y clinic in your region when you have to self-fund - both cheaper for you and the NHS.

----------------------
HIV, Hep B Antigen, Hep B Core Ab, TpHA ( or other syphilis test), HTLV 1 and 2 etc...



-------------------
"AFAB people start the procedure much earlier, as we undergo hormone injections to stimulate ovulation.
Firstly, you'll need to be tested for any infectious diseases like HIV and hepatitis. This has no bearing on whether you can freeze your eggs or not, but is to ensure that affected egg samples are stored separately to prevent contamination of other samples.
You'll then start the IVF process, which usually takes around two to three weeks to complete. Normally this will involve taking drugs to boost your egg production and help the eggs mature. When they’re ready, they’ll be collected whilst you’re under general anaesthetic or sedation.
At this point, instead of mixing the eggs with sperm (as in conventional IVF) a cryoprotectant (freezing solution) will be added to protect the eggs. The eggs will then be frozen either by cooling them slowly or by vitrification (fast freezing) and stored in tanks of liquid nitrogen. Latest statistics show that vitrification is more successful than the slow cooling method.
Most people assigned female at birth will have around 15 eggs collected although this isn’t always possible for people with low ovarian reserves (low numbers of eggs). When you want to use them, the eggs will be thawed and those that have survived intact will be injected with your partner’s or donor’s sperm.
All information from this reputable website, the HFEA."
-------------------
Note: At the clinic I chose I was advised they split the vials between two tanks, in case something goes wrong with one of the tanks. I was also advised all the tanks are alarmed, someone is on call 24/7 to respond to any issues, and in the event of serious problems they've an arrangement with another fertility clinic nearby to transport them to their tanks.


Hope this helps - let me know if you have any questions about anything and I'm happy to do my best to answer from my own personal experiences.
Useful links:
https://www.hfea.gov.uk/treatments/fertility-preservation/information-for-trans-and-non-binary-people-seeking-fertility-treatment/
https://www.hfea.gov.uk/treatments/fertility-preservation/sperm-freezing/
https://www.hfea.gov.uk/treatments/fertility-preservation/egg-freezing/
submitted by EllieTransitionx to transgenderUK [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 19:44 evexsadhana My sweet LDR girlfriend is gone

I met Eve after listing my ideal partner's qualities on one of my profiles. She decided to contact me and we began chatting, and I soon learned she embodied them all, with one caveat being she was in the UK and I'm in the US. It didn't worry me because I wasn't looking for anything quick and covid made it safer to enter an LDR. So we started talking and quickly became infatuated with one another.
Eve was a young and kind girl who was talented with art. I loved seeing pictures of her pretty hands petting her kitten or what current art project she was working on. I'm a software developer because I used to do art but had to focus on skills that would give me greater independence, but Eve brought that side back out in me. We'd talk on voice chat and play pokemon and other games together. We would have jam sessions throughout the day and we both loved each others music. We would also talk about our favorite anime and watching them together some day. As time went on we planned on meeting each other and possibly moving in together if it felt right, but the more we got to know one another the more it became apparent we loved each other. We would talk about our future, like traveling places together, building a home, pets we could have, gardens we would grow, and that future with her was such a wonderful dream. I wanted to take such good care of this beautiful creature.
But Eve was very sick. She had MDD and felt like BPD as well, and I would constantly try to replace her feelings of doubt, hopelessness, and worthlessness with those of care, compassion, and sentiments of love. I was quite good at turning her frowns upside down and it made me really happy I could help my partner get out of the darkness. I know what its like because I've lived a life of trauma from father abandonment, neglect, foster care, depression, expulsion, arrests, homelessness, addiction, unstable relationships, HIV, PTSD, and abusive partners. I overcame all of it and used my experience to help her as much as possible. We were happy together and she knew she was cared for on a very deep level, and she knew my struggles and still showed me unconditional love.
One day she confessed to me she had planned on killing herself by her birthday that passed during our relationship. I appreciated her honesty, we talked through it and she asked me if I really wanted someone with issues like hers and I told her "until we're old". She replied that "I'm selfish and will just end up hurting you. I'm not going to achieve anything and should just die". I said "lets die together. no need to rush it, we have a lot left to experience". She then started to get really happy after understanding my feelings for her, and would talk about us getting old together afterwards. She said that I was the main person that made her feel happy in life.
Wednesday during work everything was going fine, she sent me cute texts that morning and we were being flirty and affectionate. We took a short break chatting to get caught up on our work and she messaged me saying "I just drank sn, I have about 30 minutes left". I immediately began to panic and call 999 crying. She said she was sorry and its not my fault, she thanked me for being with her but said that she can't do anything right. I said "You can't die I love you" and she replied "I love you too". I wanted to tell her in person in a few weeks but that was my only chance to tell her and I'm glad I did. She called me and I slowly listened to her voice fade from this universe. I listened and cried for 2 hours and heard the paramedics freak out when they saw her. I got a call later that they couldn't resuscitate her and the cops interviewed me while in complete shock I had just lost my partner.
Its been 6 days and I know this trauma is unlike the many I've experienced. Even if I could recover I'll never be the same. Loving someone won't ever feel the same. Someone could give me a billion dollars and everything I've ever wanted to accomplish done and I would still feel hollow without her.
I don't blame her for what she did, all the signs were there but that was the one time I couldn't heal her pain because it was already too late. I know she loved me and wanted that future, but she succumbed to her sickness that day. Shit like this I can't heal from, even if you could turn all this pain off I'd want it back. This world without Eve means nothing to me.
submitted by evexsadhana to SuicideBereavement [link] [comments]


2020.09.13 15:11 BavishiFertility Surrogacy at Bavishi Fertility Institute, Ahmedabad

IVF Surrogacy, Surrogate Mothering, Third Party Reproduction
In the very first year of its IVF services, Bavishi Fertility Institute offered IVF surrogacy treatment to a German couple. It was the first European couple to go to Asia for surrogacy treatment. Since than we have couples treated with IVF surrogacy from many countries including USA, UK, Finland etc.
Bavishi Fertility Institute has achieved highest number of pregnancies with IVF surrogacy in Gujarat state of India and one the highest in India. This has become true thanks to our high IVF success rate, stringent surrogate mother selection and dedicated painstaking efforts of whole of our team.
Procedure
The couple undergoes IVF + ICSI treatment in the usual way. When embryos are ready, the best embryos are selected for transfer. The embryos are transferred into the uterus of a host – surrogate mother, rather than that of the female partner of the couple.
Hundred percent genetic material will be from the couple i.e. the child will have 100 % genetic inheritance from the couple. The surrogate will act as host mother till the time of birth of the child. She then hands over the child to the couple.
Procedure A Surrogate Mother Has To Undergo
Selection of The Surrogate
A married lady with the consent of her husband and if needed, of all family members only becomes a surrogate mother.
They usually come from known source
They come with a reference from a reliable person
The couple may appoint a coordinator to supervise and coordinate the whole treatment till handing over the child.
The couple is informed about the background of the surrogate mother.
If the couple finds her suitable, a couple surrogate meeting is organized.
The couple interacts with the surrogate mother and her husband.
If both the parties are satisfied, the treatment is started.
Pre Treatment Evaluation for Surrogate
Detailed history is taken.
Detailed family history of genetic disorder and diseases is taken.
Complete clinical examination and fitness evaluation is done.
Surrogate is screened for routine blood tests, infective diseases like HIV, Hepatirtis B, venereal diseases etc.
Formal consents are taken for the treatment.
Advantages Of Surrogate Mother Treatment
The couple gets a child with 100% their own genetic inheritance. It can a blessing for a couple where female partner can not bear pregnancy herself due to problems with their:
Uterus
Absent uterus
Hypoplastic uterus less developed uterus
Surgically removed uterus
Diseased uterus ie multiple tumors etc.
Endometrium
Unexplained thin endometrium
Damaged/destroyed endometrium
Tuberculosis – TB
Asherman’s syndrome
Previous surgery
Thin, diseased endometrium.
General health
Heart , liver, Kidney diseases etc.
No risk of child bearing and childbirth on female partner.
The procedure is legal and the couple becomes legal partners of the child born.The names of genetic parents are mentioned as the names of mother and father of the child.
Actual Treatment Of Surrogate Mother
She is put on oral contraceptive pills to prevent spontaneous pregnancy. The mother is down regulated
To match her menstrual cycles and endometrial development with that of female partner ( genetic mother ). To achieve complete control of cycle and achieve optimum outcome. Her endometrium is prepared to receive embryos, with estrogen hormone. When embryos of the couple are ready, they are transferred in the uterus of the surrogate mother.
The mother is given medicines, which help implantation of embryos and their development. The medicines support pregnancy also if she conceives in that attempt. Blood of surrogate is checked for presence of pregnancy on day 13 and 15 after embryo transfer.
If pregnancy test is positive, pregnancy support drugs are continued. Mother is regularly observed and treated for pregnancy care.
If pregnancy is negative, the drugs are stopped. The surrogate gets her period.
Same attempt is repeated. If the couple had their embryos frozen, the frozen embryos can be used. If there are no frozen embryos, the couple has to undergo a fresh IVF cycle.
Mother Treatment
It is difficult to find surrogate mother with good background, health, understanding, cooperation and persistence.
Any pregnancy can have complications If surrogate mother develops any complications , the responsibility of treatment and expenses involved in it, lies with the couple.
It is relatively an expensive treatment.
Bavishi Fertility Institute has very strict selection criteria for selecting the ‘to be surrogate’. The couples are given relevant information on surrogate mother. If the couple is satisfied a face-to-face meeting is arranged between surrogate and the couple. Once both parties are satisfied then only the treatment is initiated. The couple is encouraged to keep in touch with the surrogate. If couple can not manage to keep in touch and supervise surrogate mother’s treatment, Bavishi Fertility Institute tries to arrange a coordinator who can coordinate with the couple and the mother.
All financial dealings are done directly between the couple and the surrogate. It ensures complete transparency. Legal paper work is also done directly between the couple and the surrogate, it ensure complete safety of the couple.
Surrogate mother treatment is technically a very simple and successful treatment but it requires a lot of complex management and time.
We consider it a privilege to offer you the option of surrogate mother treatment so that BAVISHI FERTILITY INSTITUTE can offer complete fertility solution under one roof.
submitted by BavishiFertility to u/BavishiFertility [link] [comments]


2020.09.08 15:37 Postcrapitalism Australian man accused of spreading HIV.

What are everyone’s thoughts on this?
My first reaction is that while I don’t have any qualms with “nondisclosure”, I do think that recklessly spreading the virus is wrong. However, I don’t know if there’s sufficient cause to believe this guy was doing that, especially since the third partner listed found his medication, suggesting he was probably uninfectious.
submitted by Postcrapitalism to hivaids [link] [comments]


2020.09.07 18:05 BavishiFertility Surrogacy at Bavishi Fertility Institute, Ahmedabad

In the very first year of its IVF services, Bavishi Fertility Institute offered IVF surrogacy treatment to a German couple. It was the first European couple to go to Asia for surrogacy treatment. Since than we have couples treated with IVF surrogacy from many countries including USA, UK, Finland etc.
Bavishi Fertility Institute has achieved highest number of pregnancies with IVF surrogacy in Gujarat state of India and one the highest in India. This has become true thanks to our high IVF success rate, stringent surrogate mother selection and dedicated painstaking efforts of whole of our team.
Procedure
The couple undergoes IVF + ICSI treatment in the usual way. When embryos are ready, the best embryos are selected for transfer. The embryos are transferred into the uterus of a host – surrogate mother, rather than that of the female partner of the couple.
Hundred percent genetic material will be from the couple i.e. the child will have 100 % genetic inheritance from the couple. The surrogate will act as host mother till the time of birth of the child. She then hands over the child to the couple.
Procedure A Surrogate Mother Has To Undergo
Selection of The Surrogate
A married lady with the consent of her husband and if needed, of all family members only becomes a surrogate mother.
They usually come from known source
They come with a reference from a reliable person
The couple may appoint a coordinator to supervise and coordinate the whole treatment till handing over the child.
The couple is informed about the background of the surrogate mother.
If the couple finds her suitable, a couple surrogate meeting is organized.
The couple interacts with the surrogate mother and her husband.
If both the parties are satisfied, the treatment is started.
Pre Treatment Evaluation for Surrogate
Detailed history is taken.
Detailed family history of genetic disorder and diseases is taken.
Complete clinical examination and fitness evaluation is done.
Surrogate is screened for routine blood tests, infective diseases like HIV, Hepatirtis B, venereal diseases etc.
Formal consents are taken for the treatment.
Advantages Of Surrogate Mother Treatment
The couple gets a child with 100% their own genetic inheritance. It can a blessing for a couple where female partner can not bear pregnancy herself due to problems with their:
Uterus
Absent uterus
Hypoplastic uterus less developed uterus
Surgically removed uterus
Diseased uterus ie multiple tumors etc.
Endometrium
Unexplained thin endometrium
Damaged/destroyed endometrium
Tuberculosis – TB
Asherman’s syndrome
Previous surgery
Thin, diseased endometrium.
General health
Heart , liver, Kidney diseases etc.
No risk of child bearing and childbirth on female partner.
The procedure is legal and the couple becomes legal partners of the child born.The names of genetic parents are mentioned as the names of mother and father of the child.
Actual Treatment Of Surrogate Mother
She is put on oral contraceptive pills to prevent spontaneous pregnancy. The mother is down regulated
To match her menstrual cycles and endometrial development with that of female partner ( genetic mother ). To achieve complete control of cycle and achieve optimum outcome. Her endometrium is prepared to receive embryos, with estrogen hormone. When embryos of the couple are ready, they are transferred in the uterus of the surrogate mother.
The mother is given medicines, which help implantation of embryos and their development. The medicines support pregnancy also if she conceives in that attempt. Blood of surrogate is checked for presence of pregnancy on day 13 and 15 after embryo transfer.
If pregnancy test is positive, pregnancy support drugs are continued. Mother is regularly observed and treated for pregnancy care.
If pregnancy is negative, the drugs are stopped. The surrogate gets her period.
Same attempt is repeated. If the couple had their embryos frozen, the frozen embryos can be used. If there are no frozen embryos, the couple has to undergo a fresh IVF cycle.
Mother Treatment
It is difficult to find surrogate mother with good background, health, understanding, cooperation and persistence.
Any pregnancy can have complications If surrogate mother develops any complications , the responsibility of treatment and expenses involved in it, lies with the couple.
It is relatively an expensive treatment.
Bavishi Fertility Institute has very strict selection criteria for selecting the ‘to be surrogate’. The couples are given relevant information on surrogate mother. If the couple is satisfied a face-to-face meeting is arranged between surrogate and the couple. Once both parties are satisfied then only the treatment is initiated. The couple is encouraged to keep in touch with the surrogate. If couple can not manage to keep in touch and supervise surrogate mother’s treatment, Bavishi Fertility Institute tries to arrange a coordinator who can coordinate with the couple and the mother.
All financial dealings are done directly between the couple and the surrogate. It ensures complete transparency. Legal paper work is also done directly between the couple and the surrogate, it ensure complete safety of the couple.
Surrogate mother treatment is technically a very simple and successful treatment but it requires a lot of complex management and time.
We consider it a privilege to offer you the option of surrogate mother treatment so that BAVISHI FERTILITY INSTITUTE can offer complete fertility solution under one roof.
submitted by BavishiFertility to u/BavishiFertility [link] [comments]


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2020.08.28 18:07 HaulA28Augl Most Popular G-ay All Da-ting World

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2020.08.27 14:31 glaciersurfer RLFTF / RLF.SW - The most promising COVID-19 stock / drug?

This Posts intends to give an overview over RLFTF and it's COVID-19 drug, it is divided in different sections to give a holistic overview over RLFTF. RLFTF is a Drug Development Company registered at the Swiss Stock Exchange RLF.SW and US OTC Ticker RLFTF.
RLFTF's patented drug RLF-100TM(Aviptadil/VIP) has a FDA Fast Track designation and is in two Clinical Trials and a FDA Intermediate Expanded Access Program. Preliminary data show a mortality reduction of over 90% in the most critical COVID-19 ICU Patients.3
Clinical Data and Mechanism of Action - why this is the best COVID-19 drug.
RLF-100(Aviptadil/VIP) has a 30 year research history and is already Approved by some Countries for other Indications (UK Approved for Errectile Dysfunction and EU Orphan drug status for Sarcoidosis treatment *EU designation (EU/3/07/473)), it is already known to be a safe drug with minimal side-effects. 5,6
Mechanism Of Action
  1. RLF-100 inhibits the SARS-COV-2(COVID19) Virus from replicating itself by blocking the respective receptors. It is the only known Drug so far that prevents the Virus from replicating(spreading), it act's preventive and not just symptomatic. 1
  2. RLF-100 prevents and/or stops the Zytokine Storm, is highly anti-inflamantory and acts on RANTES (CCL5) - in almost the same way that e.g. CYDY's LL drug does.2
  3. RLF-100 is a natural peptide produced and used by the body to protect & heal the lung and to improve blood oxygenation. Severe CASES of COVID-19 have shown low levels of exactly this Peptide.3
Clinical Data
Currently there are 2 Clinical Trials underway and a FDA Intermediate Expanded Access Program.
  1. Phase 2/3 Trial, IV RLF-100 for Critical COVID-19 Patients, Estimated completion in September 2020 https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04311697
  2. FDA granted IND for Clinical Trial of RLF-100 in inhaled version with the goal to provide a preventive treatment at home to prevent a moderate/severe COVID-19 infection.4 Estimated completion in November https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04360096
  3. FDA Intermediate Population Expanded Access of RLF-100, Expanded Access Program for cases too critical to be part of the above studies. In this EAP aims to treat the most critical COVID-19 Patient. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04453839
All currently available Clinical Data regarding COVID-19 is from the Expanded Access. The first 21 Patients showed a Rapid recovery and a mortality reduction of over 90%. This patients consist out of the worst case COVID-19 cases like patients with combined double lung transplant rejection and severe COVID-19 infections. 3
Summary:
RLF-100 blocks the COVID-19 Virus, prevents a zytokine storm, heals the lungs and improves blood oxygenation with a mortality reduction of over 90% in the most severe cases.
Further possible indications
Possible further indications for RLF-100 are almost all lung affecting diseases, as RLF-100 protects and heals the lungs.
Further RLF-100 acts on RANTES(CCL5) and could be indicated for treatment of HIV, Cancer and other RANTES specific diseases after further studies.
Current Demand / Demand for Expanded Access
- On behalf of Relief Therapeutics, NeuroRX is currently fielding multiple requests from representatives of health ministries, who would like to access RLF-100 for their countries. 7
- There is currently a high volume of requests for Expanded Access from US licensed physicians 8
FDA Fast Track & NeuroRX Partnership
RLFTF has a FDA Fast Track designation for the RLF-100 Drug 1 all clinical trials and studies are conducted by Relief Therapeutics partner NeuroRX, a privately held US Company. Relief Therapeutics own all rights on RLF-100 and pays NeuroRX to conduct the trials. 6
Share Price Target
While it is difficult to determine a Share Price for a Stock which this Potential, my personal calculations put the potential between 5-20$. Analysis see the intermediate Share Price target at 18$ which would be a 3600% increase of the current Price. 9
Catalysts in the near Future
  1. In the Upcoming Days we expect an announcement of a Partnership with a large drug distribution and logistics Company.
  2. A Board member of RLFTF said during an interview that by October they will be ready to deliver treatment to 100'000 patients.
  3. Study Results of the Phase 2/3 Study are due in September. Judged by the Expanded Access data, which treats more severe Cases than in the Study, the results are expected to be very good.
  4. It is expected that the Data Monitoring Committee might Stop the study and recommend an approval to the FDA, so that Patients from the Placebo control group can be treated as well.
Stock Exchange, Markets and Regulatory Specifics
RLFTF is registered as RLF.SW at the Swiss Stock Exchange and is subject to swiss exchange law's and regulations. All Management Transactions and Transactions of Significant Shareholders have to be Published according to the Swiss Exchange Regulations.
Publishing of (Corporate) News is only allowed off Market (at least 90 minutes prior to Market opening) if News is published during the Market hours, trading will be suspended for some time. There is little chance with this stock for a late "jump-on" once a big catalyst is released, as it will be off-market.
In the US RLFTF is a OTC Traded Stock. RLFTF just filed a OTCQB Application and will therefor also be regulated by the SEC in the future, though i feel the Swiss Regulation is stricter anyway.
Information about Market Cap, Outstanding Shares and Expected Earnings.
There was a very comprehensive interview by a Swiss Investment Newspaper covering the Above topics, please check out https://themarket.ch/interview/relief-therapeutics-our-drug-could-generate-hundreds-of-millions-of-dollars-per-year-ld.2478 , it contains almost everything we want to know at this Point.
Disclaimer
I follow the clinical development of RLF-100 since the outbreak of SARS-COV-2 and i'm invested since early spring, i see myself as a long term investor. My primary investment motivation is that, after extensive research over months, i believe in the potential of this drug. Please do your own due diligence prior to investment and let me know if you would like to have more information included in this Post, i'll try to update it accordingly.
1 https://www.prnewswire.co.uk/news-releases/rlf-100-aviptadil-clinical-trial-showed-rapid-recovery-from-respiratory-failure-and-inhibition-of-coronavirus-replication-in-human-lung-cells-892685658.html
2 https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20200607005050/en/Relief-Therapeutics-NeuroRx-Expand-Clinical-Trial-RLF-100
3 https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3665228
4 https://www.prnewswire.co.uk/news-releases/fda-grants-inhaled-use-ind-for-rlf-100-aviptadil-to-treat-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-covid-19-aiming-to-prevent-progression-to-respiratory-failure-874341601.html
5 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3738270/
6 https://themarket.ch/interview/relief-therapeutics-our-drug-could-generate-hundreds-of-millions-of-dollars-per-year-ld.2478
7 https://www.neurorxpharma.com/our-services/non-us-country-rep/
8 https://www.neurorxpharma.com/our-services/usa-licensed-physicians/
9 SA - RLF-100 Analysis
submitted by glaciersurfer to stocks [link] [comments]


2020.08.27 14:18 glaciersurfer RLFTF - the most promising COVID-19 Stock / Drug?

This Post intends to give an overview over the ticker RLFTF, it is divided in different sections to give a holistic overview over RLFTF. RLFTF is a Drug Development Company registered at the Swiss Stock Exchange RLF.SW and US OTC Ticker RLFTF.
RLFTF's patented drug RLF-100TM(Aviptadil/VIP) has a FDA Fast Track designation and is in two Clinical Trials and a FDA Intermediate Expanded Access Program. Preliminary data show a mortality reduction of over 90% in the most critical COVID-19 ICU Patients.3
Clinical Data and Mechanism of Action - why this is the best COVID-19 drug.
RLF-100(Aviptadil/VIP) has a 30 year research history and is already Approved by some Countries for other Indications (UK Approved for Errectile Dysfunction and EU Orphan drug status for Sarcoidosis treatment *EU designation (EU/3/07/473)), it is already known to be a safe drug with minimal side-effects. 5,6
Mechanism Of Action
  1. RLF-100 inhibits the SARS-COV-2(COVID19) Virus from replicating itself by blocking the respective receptors. It is the only known Drug so far that prevents the Virus from replicating(spreading), it act's preventive and not just symptomatic. 1
  2. RLF-100 prevents and/or stops the Cytokine Storm, is highly anti-inflamantory and acts on RANTES (CCL5) - in almost the same way that e.g. CYDY's LL drug does.2
  3. RLF-100 is a natural peptide produced and used by the body to protect & heal the lung and to improve blood oxygenation. Severe CASES of COVID-19 have shown low levels of exactly this Peptide.3
Clinical Data
Currently there are 2 Clinical Trials underway and a FDA Intermediate Expanded Access Program.
  1. Phase 2/3 Trial, IV RLF-100 for Critical COVID-19 Patients, Estimated completion in September 2020 https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04311697
  2. FDA granted IND for Clinical Trial of RLF-100 in inhaled version with the goal to provide a preventive treatment at home to prevent a moderate/severe COVID-19 infection.4 Estimated completion in November https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04360096
  3. FDA Intermediate Population Expanded Access of RLF-100, Expanded Access Program for cases too critical to be part of the above studies. In this EAP aims to treat the most critical COVID-19 Patient. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04453839
All currently available Clinical Data regarding COVID-19 is from the Expanded Access. The first 21 Patients showed a Rapid recovery and a mortality reduction of over 90%. This patients consist out of the worst case COVID-19 cases like patients with combined double lung transplant rejection and severe COVID-19 infections. 3
Summary:
RLF-100 blocks the COVID-19 Virus, prevents a cytokine storm, heals the lungs and improves blood oxygenation with a mortality reduction of over 90% in the most severe cases.
Further possible indications
Possible further indications for RLF-100 are almost all lung affecting diseases, as RLF-100 protects and heals the lungs.
Further RLF-100 acts on RANTES(CCL5) and could be indicated for treatment of HIV, Cancer and other RANTES specific diseases after further studies.
Current Demand / Demand for Expanded Access
- On behalf of Relief Therapeutics, NeuroRX is currently fielding multiple requests from representatives of health ministries, who would like to access RLF-100 for their countries. 7
- There is currently a high volume of requests for Expanded Access from US licensed physicians 8
FDA Fast Track & NeuroRX Partnership
RLFTF has a FDA Fast Track designation for the RLF-100 Drug1 all clinical trials and studies are conducted by Relief Therapeutics partner NeuroRX, a privately held US Company. Relief Therapeutics own all rights on RLF-100 and pays NeuroRX to conduct the trials. 6
Share Price Target
While it is difficult to determine a Share Price for a Stock which this Potential, my personal calculations put the potential between 5-20$. Analysis see the intermediate Share Price target at 18$ which would be a 3600% increase of the current Price.9
Catalysts in the near Future
In the Upcoming Days we expect an announcement of a Partnership with a large drug distribution and logistics Company. 10
  1. A Board member of RLFTF saidduring an interview that by October they will be ready to deliver treatment to 100'000 patients. 10
  2. Study Results of the Phase 2/3 Study are due in September. Judged by the Expanded Access data, which treats more severe Cases than in the Study, the results are expected to be very good. 10
  3. It is expected that the Data Monitoring Committee might Stop the study and recommend an approval to the FDA, so that Patients from the Placebo control group can be treated as well.10
Stock Exchange, Markets and Regulatory Specifics
RLFTF is registered as RLF.SW at the Swiss Stock Exchange and is subject to swiss exchange law's and regulations. All Management Transactions and Transactions of Significant Shareholders have to be Published according to the Swiss Exchange Regulations.
Publishing of (Corporate) News is only allowed off Market (at least 90 minutes prior to Market opening) if News is published during the Market hours, trading will be suspended for some time. There is little chance with this stock for a late "jump-on" once a big catalyst is released, as it will be off-market.
In the US RLFTF is a OTC Traded Stock. RLFTF just filed a OTCQB Application and will therefor also be regulated by the SEC in the future, though i feel the Swiss Regulation is stricter anyway.
Information about Market Cap, Outstanding Shares and Expected Earnings.
There was a very comprehensive interview by a Swiss Investment Newspaper covering the Above topics, please check out https://themarket.ch/interview/relief-therapeutics-our-drug-could-generate-hundreds-of-millions-of-dollars-per-year-ld.2478 , it contains almost everything we want to know at this Point.
Disclaimer
I follow the clinical development of RLF-100 since the outbreak of SARS-COV-2 and i'm invested since early spring, i see myself as a long term investor. My primary investment motivation is that, after extensive reasearch over months, i believe in the potential of this drug. Please do your own due diligence prior to investment and let me know if you would like to have more information included in this Post, i'll try to update it accordingly.
1 https://www.prnewswire.co.uk/news-releases/rlf-100-aviptadil-clinical-trial-showed-rapid-recovery-from-respiratory-failure-and-inhibition-of-coronavirus-replication-in-human-lung-cells-892685658.html
2 https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20200607005050/en/Relief-Therapeutics-NeuroRx-Expand-Clinical-Trial-RLF-100
3 https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3665228
4 https://www.prnewswire.co.uk/news-releases/fda-grants-inhaled-use-ind-for-rlf-100-aviptadil-to-treat-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-covid-19-aiming-to-prevent-progression-to-respiratory-failure-874341601.html
5 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3738270/
6 https://themarket.ch/interview/relief-therapeutics-our-drug-could-generate-hundreds-of-millions-of-dollars-per-year-ld.2478
7 https://www.neurorxpharma.com/our-services/non-us-country-rep/
8 https://www.neurorxpharma.com/our-services/usa-licensed-physicians/
9 https://seekingalpha.com/article/4367483-relief-therapeutics-discovers-promising-covidminus-19-killer
10 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KBG_BYfj-sY
submitted by glaciersurfer to investing [link] [comments]


2020.08.25 07:26 ryu289 Homophobes can never blame themselves

https://www.oneangrygamer.net/2020/07/netflixs-baby-sitters-club-includes-trans-child-propaganda/112754/
We keep warning you about Hollywood’s blatant attempt to groom your children into accepting their pedophilia-entrenched tendencies, but people continue to keep their heads in the sand. Well, it’s getting harder and harder to ignore the propaganda, but fully expect Centrists™ to continue to justify it while shows like Baby-Sitters Club on Netflix continue to normalize socially-debilitating vices such as child-transgenderism.
How is it socially debilitating?
https://www.reddit.com/GGdiscussion/comments/ete11k/billy_d_aka_oneangrygamer_has_returned_and_is_as/
Thankfully, sane people downvoted the video for reveling in societal degeneracy. Not only did they downvote the video but the comment section was filled with true patriots and humanists who came out against the current push from Hollywood and Big Tech to normalize child grooming and child transgenderism.
Even though it isn't child grooming?
https://www.forbes.com/sites/dawnstaceyennis/2020/12/29/study-transgender-children-recognize-their-authentic-gender-at-early-age-just-like-other-kids/
You know just because they are against trans people, doesn't make them heroes.
This is all part of a push to incrementally include child grooming agitprop in everyday media until it’s normalized.
It’s part of the three ‘I’s campaign: Infiltrate, Inculcate, Indoctrinate.
They weasel into a community, they change its standards, and then they brainwash people into thinking the new standards are “okay”.
Considering your blatantly loaded language, I think thou doth protest too much.
"What they won’t do is allow viewers access to information about the dangerous and disruptive gay lifestyle, facts that they try to hide to the best of their abilities:"
Or perhaps you are the one trying to lie to the public about what the "facts" are and encourage them to not think for themselves and listen only to you.
"Nevertheless, the gay agenda won’t end here. GLAAD already made it known they want 20% of all on-screen characters to be gay or some part of the LGBTQIA+ spectrum by 2025, this is despite the fact that gays only make up 1.6% of the population, according to Time Magazine. That means that gays and lesbians will be over-represented by 12.5 times the amount of their demographic population in the U.S."
Billy, your article from Time is from 2014 and outdated. First off the actual numbers have them are 4.5. Why can't you have the actual numbers? Because you think that it is still to high for your argument?
Also you seem to misunderstand GLAAD's resoning... Let's see: https://www.glaad.org/sri/2019/additional-recommendations
GLAAD and The Harris Poll found that 20 percent of American millennials are LGBTQ, so this inclusion is a positive step towards reflecting the real world
Is it that hard to provide the real context Billy?
Gays and lesbians are only 1.6% of the population but gays account for 67% of all HIV cases.
What else does the CDC say? https://www.cdc.gov/msmhealth/stigma-and-discrimination.htm
Gays have high rates of substance and drug abuse.
Lesbians have high rates of alcohol and tobacco abuse.
Lesbians have double the rates of domestic abuse.
Lesbians have higher rates of heart attacks.
Lesbians and bisexual women have high"er rates of obesity.
Lesbians and bisexual women have higher rates of breast cancer
First link goes to the CDC again! Billy this is confirmed again. Discrimination causes minority stress and health disparities: https://scholar.google.com/scholar?as_ylo=2019&q=minority+stress+hiv&hl=en&as_sdt=0,31&as_vis=1 http://homoresponse.blogspot.com/2011/06/mental-health-and-substance-abuse.html
Your second link advertises a 2007 book, but you have to buy it to see anything.
The third link says this: https://web.archive.org/web/20170808013111/https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20110218140612/http://rds.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs10/hosb0110.pdf
"The small numbers of respondents identifying themselves as gay/lesbian or bisexual, combined with the significant proportions of respondents unable or refusing to answer the question on sexual orientation means that figures on prevalence of domestic abuse by sexual orientation should be treated with caution."
Which you forget to do
Domestic violence in the gay community is no higher that for heterosexuals: https://mainweb-v.musc.edu/vawprevention/lesbianrx/factsheet
Violence appears to be about as common among lesbian couples as among heterosexual couples(1,5). In addition, the cycle of violence occurs in both types of relationships.
In addition to this:
Many lesbian batterers grew up in violent households and were physically, sexually, or verbally abused and/or witnessed their mothers being abused by fathers or stepfathers (6,7,14).
And
In addition, a unique element for lesbians is the homophobic environment that surrounds them (4,10,14). This enables the abusive partner to exert "heterosexist control" over the victim by threatening to "out" the victim to friends, family, or employer or threatening to make reports to authorities that would jeopardize child custody, immigration, or legal status. The homophobic environment also makes it difficult for the victim to seek help from the police, victim service agencies, and battered women's shelters.
Your fourth link says: https://www.acog.org/clinical/clinical-guidance/committee-opinion/articles/2012/05/health-care-for-lesbians-and-bisexual-women
"Women who identify as lesbian or bisexual encounter barriers to health care that include concerns about confidentiality and disclosure, discriminatory attitudes and treatment, limited access to health care and health insurance, and often a limited understanding as to what their health risks may be 4. Lesbians who are unemployed or work in a setting that does not offer health insurance are not allowed to participate in their partners’ employment benefits package in most circumstances 4 5. Lesbians and their partners often face additional challenges such as a lack of availability of health care providers offering fertility services to women who identify as lesbian. Obstetrician–gynecologists who elect not to provide fertility services to lesbian couples or individuals should refer them for these services. Sexual orientation should not be a barrier to receiving fertility services to achieve pregnancy. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (the College) endorses equitable treatment for lesbians and their families, not only for direct health care needs, but also for indirect health care issues; this should include the same legal protections afforded married couples 4.
Fifth link: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16883925/
"For the most part, lesbians and bisexual women face the same health issues as heterosexual women, but they often have difficulty accessing appropriate care. Physicians can improve care for lesbians and bisexual women by acknowledging the potential barriers to care (e.g., hesitancy of physicians to inquire about sexual orientation and of patients to disclose their sexual behavior) and working to create a therapeutic physician-patient relationship. Taking an inclusive and nonjudgmental history and being aware of the range of health-related behaviors and medicolegal issues pertinent to these patients enables physicians to perform relevant screening tests and make appropriate referrals. Some recommendations, such as those for screening for cervical cancer and intimate partner violence, should not be altered for lesbians and bisexual women. Considerations unique to lesbians and bisexual women concern fertility and medico-legal issues to protect familial relationships during life changes and illness. The risks of suicidal ideation, self-harm, and depression may be higher in lesbians and bisexual women, especially those who are not open about their sexual orientation, are not in satisfying relationships, or lack social support. Because of increased rates of nulliparity, the risks of conditions such as breast and ovarian cancers also may be higher. The comparative rates of alcohol and drug use are controversial. Smoking and obesity rates are higher in lesbians and bisexual women, but there is no evidence of an increased risk of cardiovascular disease"
So discrimination is another factor.
Why do you pretend discrimination isn't a factor?
submitted by ryu289 to BestOfOutrageCulture [link] [comments]


2020.08.23 15:32 J-Roge-1 Black Mirror Universe Timeline (2010 - 2029)

This is my attempt at a combined Black Mirror universe. There are about seven or eight episodes included here in some form (mostly from the early seasons), as well as a few concepts i made myself. Hope you enjoy!!
2010:
2011:
2012:
2013:
2014:
2016:
2017:
2018:
2019:
2020:
2021:
2022:
2023:
2024:
2025:
2026:
2027:
2028:
2029:
submitted by J-Roge-1 to blackmirror [link] [comments]


2020.08.23 00:09 psychosocial_Tie699 Great Britain isn't Great. Its not really even OK, and barely passes for mediocre

As a nation, the British are a bunch of miserable, drunk, overweight, stuck up morons without many redeeming features. How do I know this? Well, i am British. There are many things other countries have going for them. Canada has the best health care system. With a 99% literacy rating, Denmark is probably one of the most educated countries in the world. Germany has its engineering prowess. Japan has its weird and wonderful off the wall culture. Up until recently the United States was at least on the surface actually united. What does the UK have? Well, the Doctor's are bollocks and prescribe you variohs medicines that don't work, the education system sucks because the teachers are lazy, the most we engineer are those crappy little red telephone boxes that they sell on street stalls in London, and our culture is either drinking or being miserable and boring. A United Kingdom? Don't make me laugh. Scotland can't wait to get away, and if they know what's good for them they'll be out of here as soon as they can, if only to save themselves from becoming dreary and pathetic like the English. And what with Brexit, I very much doubt there is going to be unity amongst the English as well anymore.
So where does the overweight thing come in? Put it this way, our glorious leader BoJo (may god forever spit on his stupid blond hair) has decided to tackle obesity, so clearly its a big enough problem. 63% of adults over 18 are obese or overweight. Obviously, circumstances might mean that this figure isn't just talking about fat people, nor do i suppose does it account for the elderly who may have problems controlling the amount of weight they put on, but let's be real, we have all seen these unhealthy looking blubbery things wandering around. And saying "ah but I'm not OBESE, I'm OVERWEIGHT" is like saying "Its OK, I only have gonorrhea, not HIV". Its not any better, its just not as bad as it could be.
As for being miserable, have you ever talked to a Brit? Next time you talk to one, see how much they moan about something. I can bet you it is a lot. Its all we are good at, aside from cheating on our partners when we go on holiday in a drunk flurry. And yet, despite all of this, we continue to call ourselves Great Britain and The United Kingdom. What do we do that is great?
Saying that other countries have it worse doesn't set the bar very high. We should be saying "The UK does this brilliantly!", not "Yeah, but America does it worse". Setting the bar as low as the Americans just proves we don't have the ability nor imagination to rise beyond what we are. Yet we still have this bloated opinion of ourselves. The only redeeming feature we have is that we are so tiny and useless nobody gives a flying fuck.
Yeah, so fuck the UK, fuck England, fuck the shitty systems we have in place, fuck every useless old shit stain we get in power, and fuck our society. You're all a bunch of wankers.
submitted by psychosocial_Tie699 to offmychest [link] [comments]


2020.08.22 19:36 biggreekgeek Flatten the Curve. #50. PART 1. Jeffery Epstein & Espionage. Peter Thiel & Carbyne. Isreali Surveillance Tech & UAE. China Uyghurs Dentions & Erik Prince. Human Rights Watch; Similar Tech in China & Carbyne. Carbyne in the USA 911 SYSTEM. Michael Chertoff: Wrote Patriot Act + Carbyne Director.

Read Flatten the Curve Part 49. Link Here
Headlines. A line designed to get into your head. And it works, judging by the amount of circulation of conspiracy posts that help move those headlines that masquerade as revealing connections, but are merely propoganda headline clones being disseminated.
So lets get ahead of the lines before the lines get into your head.
Humans have two primary modes of communication; verbal and nonverbal. Nonverbal is body language. Body language on it's own can give you insight. Pairing verbal and nonverbal gives you the whole picture. Headlines are verbal. The content is nonverbal. That's how you get a glimpse of the bigger picture. But we can't look at each article as a completed part of the communicative process. That would be like only watching hand gestures while having a conversation with someone. The article isn't the subject, the event is the subject, and if the subject was person, then we have to find as many articles as we can to profile the body language and interpret the nonverbal communication.
Let me show you what I mean.
Offender Conspiracy Article Profilingcriminal article profiling, is an investigative strategy used by law enforcement agencies conspiracy theorists to identify likely suspects hidden motives and has been used by investigators conspiracy theorists to link cases subjects that may have been committed by the same perpetrator. Multiple crimes may be linked to a specific offender event and the profile may be used to predict the identified offender's conspiracy's future actions real intent. Criminal Profiling Here
And then.
Nonverbal communication (NVC) Multiple Article Profiling (MAP) • is the transmission of messages or signals through a nonverbal platform multiple article content searches (MACS) such as eye contact, facial expressions, gestures, posture, and the distance between two individuals, article source, differing information, dates, pov, and the connections between the sources. It includes the use of visual cues such as body language (content), distance (dates) and organizations/politicians, corporations, law enforcement, environmental issues, economics, and technology/AI. Original NVC Content Here
I have no doubt that the actors who have advanced copies of the script are using data algorithm aggregation that compiles the different content sources into a complete picture for them. We plebs aren't so lucky, we have to peruse and parse multiple sources to connect the dots. In essence, we are the plebs living in a technofuedal era before the invention of the modern Gutenberg technopress for the masses.
So let's throw on some work boots, grab a shovel, and start digging.
The Hacks and Muckrakers.
May 18, 2018: Vanity Fair • “We just got back from the Middle East,” he told a room full of Israelis, upon arriving in Jerusalem from Saudi Arabia last May. Source Here
May 22 2017: Slate • The President Just Told a Room of Israelis That He “Just Got Back From the Middle East” Source Here
Trump. The man's Presidency has come at a time where it's all starting to fall apart. And I can't help but think of Trump as Julius Caesar part two. A populist leader who threatened the establishment and upended the republic, paving the way for Augustus Caesar and the soft introduction of Roman empire, as it let the pretenses of being a Republic fade away. If you aren't familiar with that time of history, I would highly recommend doing so. There is more to my comparison that I'm not elaborating on, except to say, if you dig you will find someone else who loves Roman history, looks like a clone of Augustus, and we watched as he made rounds while articles suggested that he had aspirations of becoming President. Do I think that it'll happen soon? Probably not. History doesn't repeat itself, but it rhymes. And we're only at the start of the Hollow Men by T S *Eliot *.
December 14, 2016: Techcrunch • President-elect Donald Trump met with some of the most prominent executives from the tech industry today at Trump Tower, with investor Peter Thiel and Vice President-elect Mike Pence at his side. Trump opened the meeting with CEOs from Google, Microsoft, Apple, Amazon and others by thanking Thiel for his support. “I want to add that I am here to help you folks do well. And you’re doing well right now and I’m very honored by the bounce. They’re all talking about the bounce. So right now everybody in this room has to like me, at least a little bit,” Trump said, perhaps in reference to the fact that he received little support from Silicon Valley during his campaign. “We’re going to try to have that bounce continue. Perhaps even more importantly, we want you to keep going with the incredible innovation. There’s nobody like you in the world. There’s nobody like the people in this room and anything we can do to help this go along, we’re going to be there for you. You’ll call my people, you’ll call me, it doesn’t make any difference. We have no formal chain of command around here,” Trump said.
Interesting, wouldn't you say? No formal chain of command around here. They thanked Peter Thiel for his support. Ok. Maybe nothing, maybe something. Ok. It's something.
August, 2018 Articles: www.theverge.com • Trump claims Google is suppressing positive news about him.
www.cnbc.com • Trump: Facebook, Twitter, Google 'have to be careful'.
Stop the presses, because were getting squeezed and pasteurized. The tech leaders meet with Trump. They thank Thiel, suggesting that he organized the assembly. And then Trump starts bashing the Technocrats that he's meeting with? Nothing but Bread and Circus. Plain and simple.
June 27, 2017: Tech Transparency Project • No other company in America was as intimately tied to the Obama Administration and the Democratic Party during Barack Obama’s eight years in office than Google. Today the company is doing everything it can to restore the same cozy White House access it enjoyed under President Obama. Eric Schmidt has attended at least two meetings with Trump and attended a third White House meeting with tech leaders last Monday. At the same time, The Groundwork – a secretive Schmidt-funded startup that ran the Clinton campaign’s data operation – recently relaunched itself as a technology platform for liberal organizations working to fight the Trump Administration’s agenda. By all appearances, Google appears to be working overtime to both ingratiate itself with the Trump Administration while simultaneously cashing in on the “resistance” to Trump’s agenda. Source Here
By all appearances? He's working both sides? Trying to cash in? Really? Seriously? Let's break that down.
** 2020 • Eric Schmidt/Net worth: 15.3 billion USD. Call me crazy, but I don’t think a guy with 15 billion dollars is worried about "cashing in**". As I've stated numerous times, this is no longer about money, it's about control. That's imperative to understand. You don't worry about the money hidden under the mattress when you have a locked vault full of cash. Money is only an incentive for those who either don't have it or need more of it. Neither of those categories apply to Eric Schmidt.
So lets examine how badly the Tech guys and Trump aren't getting along, shall we?
March 2, 2016: Defense News • Google Executive Schmidt To Head New DoD Advisory Board. Source Here
Ah. He's working for the Pentagon to make it better. And this happens almost a full year before meeting with Trump. This doesn't look like someone playing both sides, this looks like a team player in a game that only has one team. This is political wrestling that would make Vince McMahon envious. If you want to dive deeper into how Eric Schmidt funded the non profit that started fake news, here's a previous Flatten the Curve post. Part #19
Attendees included Eric Schmidt and Larry Page of Google, Tim Cook of Apple, Satya Nadella and Brad Smith of Microsoft, Jeff Bezos of Amazon (who expressed his excitement that Trump’s administration could be “the innovations administration“), Safra Catz of Oracle, Chuck Robbins of Cisco and Sheryl Sandberg of Facebook. Thiel’s business partner, Palantir CEO Alex Karp, attended as well.
Those are big names and big companies. But they all hate Trump, right?
Thiel has been instrumental in shaping Trump’s approach to technology, helping assemble a list of candidates for technical roles in the upcoming administration and reportedly bringing David Sacks and other long-time associates to the transition team. During his speech at the Republican National Convention, Thiel talked about spreading the prosperity of Silicon Valley to other regions across the country and cited space travel as one of America’s great technological achievements. “Instead of going to Mars, we have invaded the Middle East,” Thiel said.
I should point out that Thiel and Musk started PayPal together.
November 24, 2019: Business Insider • What do the founders of YouTube, Yelp, Tesla, and LinkedIn have in common? Apart from leading massively disruptive technology companies, their founders all share a common resume line item: employment at PayPal. Known for their entrepreneurial mindset and anti-establishment attitude, this elite group is known as the "PayPal Mafia," and they all put in time during the payment platform's early days some 20 years ago. Source Here
Oh. And Pete's instrumental to creating Facebook. Thiel became Facebook's first outside investor when he acquired a 10.2% stake for $500,000 in August 2004. He sold the majority of his shares in Facebook for over $1 billion in 2012, but remains on the board of directors. And he funded Hulk Hogan's lawsuit to take down Gawker. Told ya, it's just political wrestling to entertain us.
However, one of the biggest proponents of travel to Mars, Elon Musk, has also been one of Trump’s most outspoken critics. Musk donated to Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign and frequently denounced Trump, saying that the former reality television star “doesn’t seem to have the sort of character that reflects well on the United States.” But since the election, Musk appears to have warmed up to Trump. He was a late addition to the invite list for today’s meeting. The transition team also announced this morning that Musk will join Trump’s strategic and policy forum, a group of business leaders that will serve as an advisory committee to the president-elect. Source Here
Musk and Trump, a marriage made in heaven. It's destiny, I tell you, destiny. Or an act (don't worry Elon, I haven't forgotten about you) designed to make us believe that somebody up there is fighting for us down here.
Yet the inclusion of the quote about Mars and War in the Middle East stands out, wouldn't you agree? And we have environmental collapse triggers happening. Riots happening. Why those riots are also happening in Beruit, aren't they? And Isreal and Saudi Arabia don't get along with Lebanon, or the Hezbollah. And President Trump went from Suadi Arabia to Isreal, didn’t he? And wasn't there an explosion there recently? Must all be a coincidence. Let's get back to Pete the magical Thiel and see what else Hulk Hogan's buddy is mixed up in.
He co-founded Valar Ventures in 2010, co-founded Mithril Capital, serving as investment committee chair, in 2012, and served as a partner at Y Combinator from 2015 to 2017. Through the Thiel Foundation, Thiel governs the grant-making bodies Breakout Labs and Thiel Fellowship, and funds nonprofit research into artificial intelligence, life extension and seasteading. A co-founder of The Stanford Review, he is a conservative libertarian who is critical of high government spending, high debt levels, and foreign wars. He has donated to numerous political figures. At the 2009 Singularity Summit, he said his greatest concern is the technological singularity not arriving soon enough. Source Here
Singularity. Not. Arriving. Soon. Enough. Call me paranoid and pass the tin foil hat, but what Matrix code is needed to decipher his words intent? Not soon enough for what? Better Netflix selection? The Alien invasion? Godzilla awakening because of Fukushima? Are the Decepticons already here? Or have they been downplaying the ELE that's approaching? I'll take ELE for a thousand, Alex.
So he's into AI (he backed Deepmind and OpenAI) and life extension. He went to Stanford. He's also going to have his body cryonically preserved. And his Palantir surveillance is, well, nottofreakyououtoranything, everywhere. Palantir's first backer was the Central Intelligence Agency's venture capital arm In-Q-Tel. Then Palantir became Big Brother. Literally. The Palantir clients include the CIA, DHS, NSA, FBI, CDC, the Marine Corps, the Air Force, Special Operations Command, West Point, the Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization and Allies, the Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board and the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. And Palantir is also being used by Banks, Hedge Funds, Financial Services, and other corporate clients.
Big Brother wants to be Palantir went it grows up.
Now, are you wondering why I started with Trump, Saudi Arabia and Isreal? Are you curious about how it goes from ex CEO of Google Eric Schmidt "playing" both sides of the fence to Palantir and Peter Thiel? Just sit right back and hold tight, cause I'm about to take you on a one way trip to a Brave New Normal World that's called 1984.
Warning. What you're about to read will make you forever question every officially sanctioned narrative. Trust me. Still game? Are you sure? Last chance. You're about to leave neverneverland and you can't go back. Alright. Let's go.
It's All Hidden In Plain Sight.
Let's talk about Epstein. Yep. Him. I've been strangely quiet about Jeffery haven't I? Nothing written about the Captain Pedo and his Amazing friends didn't mean there was nothing there, it just meant that I didn't find anything that indicated something deeper than a pedophile blackmail ring. And sex and political blackmail is as old as time itself. There's a reason they say the world's two oldest professions are prostitutes and politicians. Yet it turns out the professional pimp and the abducted teens may be playing a bigger role than we thought.
July 31, 2019: NY TIMES • Mr. Epstein’s vision reflected his longstanding fascination with what has become known as transhumanism: the science of improving the human population through technologies like genetic engineering and artificial intelligence. Critics have likened transhumanism to a modern-day version of eugenics, the discredited field of improving the human race through controlled breeding. Mr. Epstein’s ranch in New Mexico, which he confided to scientists and others he hoped to use as the site for seeding the human race with his DNA.
Welcome to the Island of Dr. Moreau. We're it's the monsters trying to make humans. Do you still think this was all about blackmail, cause it wasn't. Stop thinking in normal terms, because normal is dead, long live the New Normal.
At one session at Harvard, Mr. Epstein criticized efforts to reduce starvation and provide health care to the poor because doing so increased the risk of overpopulation, said Mr. Pinker, who was there. Mr. Pinker said he had rebutted the argument, citing research showing that high rates of infant mortality simply caused people to have more children.
Epstein criticized efforts to reduce starvation and provide health care. Hmmmm. My memory is foggy, but isn't there someone in Africa trying to provide health care and reduce starvation? Who could that be? Wasn't he into computers and had pictures taken on Epstein’s private jet? Wasn't it Bill Gates? Now why would Billy be hanging around someone who would vocally espouse an ideology that is completely antithetical to his stated humanitarian goals?
Also at the Indian Summer dinner, according to an account on the website of Mr. Brockman’s Edge Foundation, were the Google founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page and Jeff Bezos, who was accompanied by his mother.
Then there was Mr. Epstein’s interest in eugenics. Once, at a dinner at Mr. Epstein’s mansion on Manhattan’s Upper East Side, Mr. Lanier said he talked to a scientist who told him that Mr. Epstein’s goal was to have 20 women at a time impregnated at his 33,000-square-foot Zorro Ranch in a tiny town outside Santa Fe. Mr. Mr. Lanier, said he had the impression that Mr. Epstein was using the dinner parties to screen candidates to bear Mr. Epstein’s children. Mr. Epstein did not hide his interest in tinkering with genes — and in perpetuating his own DNA. Interviews with more than a dozen of his acquaintances, as well as public documents, show that he used the same tactics to insinuate himself into an elite scientific community, thus allowing him to pursue his interests in eugenics and other fringe fields like cryonics. One adherent of transhumanism said that he and Mr. Epstein discussed the financier’s interest in cryonics, an unproven science in which people’s bodies are frozen to be brought back to life in the future. Mr. Epstein told this person that he wanted his head and penis to be frozen.
More Epstein and Eugenics. Source Here
Now call me crazy, but there's some strangeness happening. Cryonics, don't die, just Let It Go and get Frozen. First Peter Thiel, now Epstein. Let's hope the AI Singularity arrives in time, right?
Now I wouldn't have even bothered with their shared interest of joining the Walt Disney Cryonics Club, if there wasn't more in play, and there's more in play.
August 9, 2019: TRT World • The billionaire shared the same personal network that included Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, former Israeli prime minister Ehud Barak, infamous Blackwater founder Erik Prince, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, UAE Crown Prince Mohamed bin Zayed, Donald Trump and Bill Clinton.
According to investigative journalist Vicky Ward, quoting a meeting with Trump’s transition team, Acosta told a White House official: “I was told Epstein ‘belonged to intelligence’ and to leave it alone.”
That's a bit of an exclusive club, kinda like being in the Mouseketeer CIA club. But, hey, nothing to see here, is there? But just in case, let's look into the company that Epstein worked with, Carbyne.
This single company, Carbyne, brought together a who’s who of power brokers and intelligence figures from multiple regions including Russia, China and the Trump administration itself, with Epstein at its heart. Officially, Carbyne provided high-tech solutions for emergency centres. In reality, it existed in a grey area giving it unprecedented access to private information, with significant potential for privacy abuse. Carbyne provides a service for police emergency centres, providing complete access to the caller’s camera and GPS, providing the dispatcher with a live video feed.
Ok. So Epstein and Thiel both are into AI, Surveillance, and Cryonics. President Trump was in Isreal and Saudi Arabia in May 2017. And who ended up in Isreal just afterwards?
PayPal Founder in Israel: Too Much Copying and Not Enough Innovation in High-tech
June 15, 2017: Haaretz • Billionaire Peter Thiel visits Israel – and gives out tips on how to build a successful startup. Source Here
Hey, one month after Trump visited the Middle East, Peter Thiel decides to take middle eastern vacation to give out business tips. And then Thiel must've reciprocated and invited the Fresh Prince of Saudi Arabia to get the all inclusive Palantir surveillance pitch. Smile for the camera everyone, cause the world's a stage and we're filming a world wide Truman Show.
April 7, 2018: Gulf News • Google, Thiel feature in Saudi Prince’s Silicon Valley tour. The Saudi delegation visited several Silicon Valley corporate campuses, including Apple Inc. and Facebook Inc. In addition to Facebook, where Thiel sits on the board, the Saudi delegation visited data-analysis start-up Palantir Technologies Inc and a trio of investment firms created by Thiel: Clarium Capital, Valar Ventures and Founders Fund. Thiel is chairman and co-founder of Palantir. Source Here
March 17, 2020: Forbes • These responders are now using a tool built in part by former members of Israel’s military intelligence—Elichai being one—that’s backed by Peter Thiel’s Founders Fund, former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, who is now the company’s chairman, and a small, passive investment from deceased multimillionaire pedophile Jeffrey Epstein. SourceHere
Ok look. I get it. Rich people make investments, those investments are bound to end up in the same company. But these companies aren't exactly run of the mill home security systems, are they? Nope. This is the kind of surveillance systems that the KGB or the Stasi could only dream of. And when you wish upon a star dreams come true. And Peter Thiel must be wishing upon a star.
Ok. Strap in, buckle up, and try to keep up, or you're gonna get left in the dust. Cause it's boom or bust from here on out, and we're gonna add it up like the count.
So Elichai owns Carbyne. Peter Thiel invested in Carbyne. And Carbyne is in the USA linked to the 911 system, and it's being used to fight the pandemic.
Forbes (Link Above) • Its founder thinks Carbyne’s tech could make the lives of 911 dispatch and healthcare professionals much less chaotic in the Covid-19 crisis. Carbyne relies on callers submitting themselves to self-surveillance via their own mobile phone. Once a caller uses their Android or iPhone to call 911 (85% of emergency calls now come from mobile devices), they receive a text message that asks for permission to get their precise location and access video from their smartphone camera.
Step right up and give your permission to be saved. Big Brother is looking out for you.
So Elichai used to work for the 8200. Cool name, right. I'm not sure about you, but that sounds pretty dystopian. And I've gotta say, that all of Technocrats that are promising us an AI utopia, sure seem to be getting ahead of the curve by building doomsday bunkers for a dystopia. And here we sit wasting our time Doomscrolling.
So what else has sprung up from the 8200? Have you ever heard about the NSO Group?
November 1, 2019 - WhatsApp identified an Israeli company, NSO Group, as having developed the spyware called Pegasus, which it held responsible for the breach. This disclosure was part of a lawsuit WhatsApp has filed against the NSO Group in a US federal court, saying the company was actively involved in hacking users of the encrypted chat service. As per the WhatsApp complaint the “target users included attorneys, journalists, human rights activists, political dissidents, diplomats, and other senior foreign government officials.” NSO’s spyware Pegasus has been reportedly used to target journalists in Mexico investigating drug cartels, rights group Amnesty International, human rights activists in UAE, activists in Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. According to Israeli news reports, Saudi Arabia paid $55 million for its use. The contract was later frozen over the scandal alleging NSO software's role in Saudi Arabia tracking slain journalist Jamal Khashoggi in the months before he was murdered in the Saudi Embassy in Turkey. In India, 17 people, who are known to be targeted include activists and human rights lawyers. Source Here
Whoops. Do you remember Jamal Khashoggi? He was trying to expose Human Rights abuses against Saudi Arabia. And then Suadi Arabia decided to murder him, and confirm that they were abusing human rights. Jamal paid the ultimate price to prove his point. But who is selling the hacking tools? At this point they all seem to be springing up from members of the 8200, and the companies they started.
TRT - Link Previously Provided • DarkMatter, a UAE surveillance and intelligence group employing former NSA operatives was built on the back of a larger initiative to modernise Emirati intelligence and military operations. The group took part in at the Arab Future Cities Conference in November 2015, where it presented a vision of smarter, tech-driven cities, which caught the eye of Chinese officials. Smarter cities meant Big Brother-esque widespread surveillance installed throughout the UAE. Only two years later in April 25 2017, DarkMatter signed a Global Strategic Memorandum of Understanding with Huawei, a leading Chinese company, for the same ‘Big Data’ systems and ‘Smart City’ solutions. The middle man? None other than Erik Prince, who had gone from working for the Emiratis, to working for a Chinese billionaire. In suspect timing, the Memorandum of Understanding also took place right before China scaled up its total surveillance and crackdown on Uighurs in Xinjiang, China.
February 2, 2019: Reuters • Xinjiang is a major part of China's Belt and Road infrastructure network but the region has faced attacks blamed on members of the Muslim ethnic Uighur minority. Beijing has responded with a security clampdown condemned by rights groups and Western governments. Frontier Services Group (FSG), a Hong Kong-listed company founded by Prince, said in a Chinese-language statement posted on its website on Jan. 22 that it had signed a deal to build a training centre in southern Xinjiang. Prince is deputy chairman, a minority shareholder and a board member of FSG, a security, logistics and insurance provider. Source Here

Watch this video.

Chinese authorities are using a 911 mobile app to carry out illegal mass surveillance and arbitrary detention of Muslims in China’s western Xinjiang region. Source Here
Makes you wonder, doesn't it? Aren't we condemning China for the camps, and yet the West is helping to build those camps? Must be a big mistake. We didn’t know what was happening. And Erik Prince swears he didn't know. Honestly. He's not lying. Cross my heart and hope to die. Pinky swear.
Recap.
8200 leads to NSO and Carbyne. DarkMatter is in the UAE with NSA employees. The NSO hack was used to capture Khashoggi. Peter Thiel invested in Facebook, Facebook owns WhatsApp. Peter Thiel invested in Carbyne. Eric Prince works for and founded FSG, which built the Muslim reduction school. China is using similar tech to target Muslims and send them back to school. Carbyne 911 surveillance tech accesses your phone camera after you click on the link to give permission. So. Peter Thiel funds Carbyne. Eric Prince is working for the UAE developing security and the UAE ends up with Dark Matter, and then his company (FSG) is sold to China, and they build re-education centers, which uses technology like Carbyne, and that technology is being used in the USA.
Got it? Good. Because I'm seriously having a hard time keeping up with the behind the scene footage of this LARP.
Link Previously Provided • 1,400 people worldwide, including Indian lawyers, rights activists and journalist, were targets of an online spying campaign that used highly sophisticated spyware developed by an Israeli firm via WhatsApp. WhatsApp is at the centre of a global storm over privacy after it was revealed that at least 17 Indians and about 1,400 people worldwide had their phones breached through the social media app. Their privacy was compromised by surveillance technology so invasive that could read and transmit the entire contents of a phone as well as operate its camera.
WhatsApp, Doc, I think I need an appointment because I'm suffering from Mass Psychogenic Illness from too much Doomscrolling.
Do you want to get deeper? I mean really deep? Yes? Ok. Let's jump into the deep.
October 18, 2019: fortune.com - How a WhatsApp Tax Launched Massive Anti-Government Protests in Lebanon.
What a crazy New Normal World Order we live in. What are the odds that we have a WhatsApp hack tax protest and we also have a WhatsApp hack that uses your phone camera, while also using similar tech in the USA and China. That's inconceivable! That's incredible! Someone call the press and let them know about this! Uhm. Wait. Better not. You might get Khashoggid.
So Eric Prince is involved. Peter Thiel is involved. WhatsApp is owned by Facebook and Mark Zuckerberg owns Facebook, and Peter Thiel helped Facebook grow. And then there was this.
March 28, 2018: Daily Mail • Employee of Peter Thiel's company Palantir helped Cambridge Analytica harvest the data of millions of the Facebook users. Alfredas Chmieliauskas is said to have suggested to Cambridge Analytica that it create a personality quiz smartphone app to get access to networks of Facebook users. The Times report also claims that Sophie Schmidt - the daughter former Google executive Eric Schmidt - had urged Cambridge Analytica to work with Palantir. Source Here
At this point, I think I'm going to need to buy a whole lot of tacks and string and make pciture maps on my walls. If we're all living in a Truman Surveillance Show, might as well play the part of the New Normal crazy conspiracy theorist, right?
January 17, 2017: The Intercept According to New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd, in December Prince attended the annual “Villains and Heroes” costume ball hosted by Mercer. Dowd wrote that Palantir founder Peter Thiel showed her “a picture on his phone of him posing with Erik Prince, who founded the private military company Blackwater, and Mr. Trump — who had no costume — but joke[d] that it was ‘N.S.F.I.’ (Not Safe for the Internet).”
No. Sanity. Fracking. Involved. Is more like it. This insanity can't pass for sanity, can it? And yet they label us crazy when we start to find the big picture, even if we aren't entirely sure what the big picture means.
The Intercpt Continued: In July, Prince told Trump’s senior adviser and white supremacist Steve Bannon, at the time head of Breitbart News, that the Trump administration should recreate a version of the Phoenix Program, the CIA assassination ring that operated during the Vietnam War, to fight ISIS. Such a program, Prince said, could kill or capture “the funders of Islamic terror and that would even be the wealthy radical Islamist billionaires funding it from the Middle East, and any of the other illicit activities they’re in.” Prince also said that Trump would be the best force to confront “Islamic fascism.” “As for the world looking to the United States for leadership, unfortunately, I think they’re going to have to wait till January and hope Mr. Trump is elected because, clearly, our generals don’t have a stomach for a fight,” Prince said. “Our president doesn’t have a stomach for a fight and the terrorists, the fascists, are winning.” Source Here
Sounds good, right? Kill people who kill people and maybe someday we won't have people getting killed. Killer idea! HEWDSHAWT! Grab your BFG and let's go BGH. It's a date!
But then why are these cell phone surveillance hacks companies being constantly linked with their names, and those hacks are being used to target journalists and human rights activists?
It's a small New Normal World Order after all. And it's getting smaller everyday. No worries though, Keep Calm and Carry On, We're All In This Together, and You're Either With Us Or Against Us. It's all good. That kind of thing could never happen here.
July 27, 2019: NARATIV • Michael Chertoff, who ran Homeland Security under George Bush, serves on Carbyne’s advisory board. Chertoff wrote the Patriot Act, which authorized digital surveillance of Americans. Source Here
Uh. Is nobody paying attention? Are the wolves guarding the sheep?
March 16, 2003: Washington Post • It didn't help that as the World Trade Center burned on Sept. 11, 2001, the news interrupted a Carlyle business conference at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel here attended by a brother of Osama bin Laden. Former president Bush, a fellow investor, had been with him at the conference the previous day. Source Here
Need more proof?
September 16, 2015: Carlyle Group • The Carlyle Group and The Chertoff Group Acquire Majority Stake in Coalfire Systems. Founded in 2001 and based in Louisville, Colo., Coalfire is a global cybersecurity and technology services provider specializing in cyber risk advisory, compliance assessments, technical testing and software services for private enterprises and government organizations. With its technical depth and breadth of IT services, Coalfire serves clients in sectors including technology, retail, payments, healthcare, financial services, education, local and state government, and utilities. Michael Chertoff, former U.S. Homeland Security Secretary and the co-founder and executive chairman of The Chertoff Group, said, “Cyber threats are an existential risk to companies and individuals around the globe. We and Carlyle are excited to partner with Coalfire, an innovative technology-enabled services company helping clients to address cyber risks.” Source Here
It's a good thing that Coalfire is on the case, could you imagine how bad the hacks would be otherwise? Have a look. Flatten the Curve. Part 43. [Link Here](https://np.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/i2g3i8/flatten_the_curve_part_43_unrestricted_warfare/?utm_medium=android_app&utm_source=share]
That's a pretty long trail that I've written. Guess what? The trail goes longer. So long that this will have to be continued in a part 2 later tonight. Until then; Heads Up and Eyes Open.Take Care. Be Safe. Stay Aware and Be Prepared. Talk soon.
submitted by biggreekgeek to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.08.14 16:19 DarthEquus Refutations of the alleged benefits of infant male circumcision

If this topic interests you, feel free to join us at Intactivism
One of the main defenses of routine infant male circumcision is that it provides health benefits to the child. The idea is that the benefits are great enough that any harm, damage, or potential complications of circumcision are acceptable in exchange for these benefits. With this post, I aim to dissect these claims, the statistics, and the logic/reasoning behind each one.
The commonly claimed benefits of circumcision are that it helps prevent STDs (HIV/AIDS in particular), UTIs, and penile cancer. These claims are touted by research done by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the studies they reference. However, there is a lot of criticism regarding their research.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

According to the AAP report, it takes over 100 circumcisions to prevent 1 UTI. UTIs can be treated if and when they occur by using less invasive means like antibiotics. One case of UTI may be prevented at the cost of 2 cases of hemorrhage, infection, or, in rare instances, more severe outcomes or even death. This would negate whatever minuscule protective benefit circumcision is said to have against UTIs, but the studies which claim that circumcision can prevent UTIs are flawed, making it very likely that there is no protection whatsoever. UTIs are rare in men to begin with, especially in young men. Circumcised men can and do still get UTIs. It should also be noted that women are considerably more likely to get UTIs than men, yet we do not alter their bodies to mitigate their risk.
Regardless of gender or circumcision status, UTIs are prevented with basic hygiene and treated with antibiotics.

Penile Cancer

Sounds scary, right? Well luckily, penile cancer is one of the rarest forms of cancer in the Western world affecting about 1 man in 100,000 per year. To put that into perspective, that is 100 times rarer than male breast cancer which itself is 100 times rarer than female breast cancer. Penile cancer is also late-forming, almost always occurring at a later age with the average being 68. When diagnosed early, the disease generally has a good survival rate. According to the AAP report, between 909 and 322,000 circumcisions are needed to prevent 1 case of penile cancer. Penile cancer is linked to infection with HPV, which can be prevented without tissue loss through condom use and prophylactic inoculation. "There is a strong association between HPV infection and penile cancer regardless of circumcision status, with 80% of tumour specimens being HPV DNA-positive.[37] It is expected that routine HPV vaccination for girls will dramatically decrease the incidence rate of cervical cancer. The benefit may also extend to penile cancer, especially as the program is broadened to include young men." Incidence rates of penile cancer in the United States, where 75% of the non-Jewish, non-Muslim male population are circumcised, are similar to rates in northern Europe, where ≤10% of the male population is circumcised. It is a myth that circumcision can prevent genital cancers.
It should also be noted that women get vaginal cancer at a rate of 90 per 100,000 (not including cervical, another 7 per 100,000) and a 1 in 8 chance of breast cancer. But we do not cut off their body parts to mitigate their risk. In fact, we don't cut off any other body parts from babies despite that every single body part has the potential to develop cancer. Circumcised men can also get penile cancer. Circumcision is only preventative if the cells that would have ended up becoming cancerous happened to be on the removed foreskin and not elsewhere on the penis. Currently, the only guaranteed method for 100% risk reduction of penile cancer is to remove the entire penis.

Cervical Cancer

Male circumcision has also been touted as a preventative for cervical cancer in women. This was first proposed in 1954, but has been thoroughly disputed over the decades. Cervical cancer is from HPV which has a vaccine. Which is so effective that (turning to news) "Australia could become first country to eradicate cervical cancer. Free vaccine program in schools leads to big drop in rates." Permanebtly altering a boy's body for the potential benefit of his hypothetical future sex partner(s) is a dubious proposition at best. Preventing cancer in women also becomes irrelevant if the boy turns out to be homosexual or otherwise uninterested in women.
Every body part has the potential to develop cancer. While the logic of "you can't get cancer on a body part you don't have" is technically correct, it is fallacious reasoning to justify performing amputations on non-cancerous body parts on infants.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

The studies which claim circumcision prevents STDs often confuse correlation with causation. In fact, circumcision might increase the risk of contracting STDs, because it can cause pain and bleeding, opening pores for pathogens to exchange between partners. The authors of the AAP report forget to stress that responsible use of condoms, regardless of circumcision status, will provide close to 100% reduction in risk for many STDs.Rates of STDs in the United States, where 75% of the non-Jewish, non-Muslim male population are circumcised, are higher than rates in Europe, where ≤10% of the male population is circumcised.

HIV/AIDS

Another frequent claim is that circumcision reduces the risk of men contracting HIV by 60%. This is based on the results of three randomized controlled trials done in Africa. The researchers found in their studies that 2.5% of intact men and 1.2% of circumcised men got HIV. The 60% figure is the relative risk (2.5%-1.2%/2.5%).
If circumcision did reduce rates of HIV transmission, which it doesn't, it would be a small reduction. The Canadian Paediatric Society says this, using estimates from the CDC:
“The number needed to [circumcise] to prevent one HIV infection varied, from 1,231 in white males to 65 in black males, with an average in all males of 298. The model did not account for the cost of complications of circumcision. In addition, there is a risk that men may overestimate the protective effect of being circumcised and be less likely to adopt safe sex practices.”
These figures are relevant only if the trials were accurate in the first place. There were several methodological errors:
There is no histological evidence which supports the hypothesis that circumcision reduces the risk of HIV/AIDS infections. It is probable that circumcision doesn’t help at all, or potentially even makes things worse. For example, there are statistics showing that there was a 61% relative increase (6% absolute increase) in HIV infection among female partners of circumcised men. It appears that the number of circumcisions needed to infect a woman was 16.7, with one woman becoming infected for every 17 circumcisions performed.
Further criticism of the African RCTs:
Critique of African RCTs into Male Circumcision and HIV Sexual Transmission
Circumcision of male infants and children as a public health measure in developed countries: A critical assessment of recent evidence
Sexually Transmitted Infections and Male Circumcision: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
A fatal irony: Why the “circumcision solution” to the AIDS epidemic in Africa may increase transmission of HIV
The findings are also not in line with the fact that the United States combines a high prevalence of STDs and HIV infections with high circumcision rates. The situation in most European countries is the reverse: low circumcision rates combined with low HIV and STD rates. Therefore, other factors (mostly behavioral) play a more important role in the spread of HIV than circumcision status. This also shows that there are alternate, less intrusive, and more effective ways of preventing HIV than circumcision such as consistent use of condoms, safe-sex programs, proper sexual education, easy access to antiretroviral drugs, and clean needle programs.
The point becomes moot regardless whether circumcision prevents STDs or not with the simple fact that **babies are not having sex, ergo have 0 risk of sexually transmitting anything. This risk remains at 0 until they have made their sexual debut. STDs are not a factor for infant circumcision.**

Balanitis

Inflanmation of the glans (balanitis) is not common in men and rare in babies. Having a surgical incision in a dirty diaper likely increases the risk of balanitis. Balanitis can occur in both circumcised and intact (uncircumcised) males. This study reported significantly more balanitis in circumcised boys as compared with intact non-circumcised boys. This risk decreases in all males drastically after puberty. It is easily preventable with good hygiene and most cases respond to treatment in under a week.

Posthitis and Balanopothitis

These are inflammation of the prepuce and the prepuce/glans combined respectively. These are both uncommon, unserious, and easily treatable if and when they occur. Circumcision obviously prevents inflammation of the foreskin the same way removing the eyes prevents conjunctivitis. These arguments use the same fallacious logic as pointed out above for cancer.

Phimosis

The possibility of phimosis (tight foreskin) does not warrant circumcision. Pathologic phimosis is rare. It can be cured by stretching the foreskin gently at regular intervals. For faster results, topical steroids can also be used. In the unlikely event that theses methods don’t work, surgery like Y-V plasty, Z-plasty, and preputioplasty can be done as a last resort. None of these treatments result in the loss of tissue. Moreover, some doctors misdiagnose phimosis in young children, when they're supposed to have foreskins which can't retract, until puberty, though in some cases the foreskin becomes retractable earlier. Improper handling of the foreskins of children can cause phimosis due to scarring leading to inelasticity.
From the Canadian Pediatric Society:
"An estimated 0.8% to 1.6% of boys will require circumcision before puberty, most commonly to treat phimosis. The first-line medical treatment of phimosis involves applying a topical steroid twice a day to the foreskin, accompanied by gentle traction ... allow[ing] the foreskin to become retractable in 80% of treated cases, thus usually avoiding the need for circumcision."
The foreskin of boys may be tight until after puberty. Phony phimosis diagnoses in boys in America, where unaltered male penile anatomy is misunderstood even amongst doctors, is not uncommon.
From CIRP:
"Phimosis" is a vague term. In common usage, it usually means any condition in which the foreskin of the penis cannot be retracted. Most infants are born with a foreskin that does not retract. This is normal! "True" phimosis—better termed "preputial stenosis," because "phimosis" has so many different definitions it now is devoid of any useful meaning—occurs in less than 2% of intact males. The incidence of preputial stenosis in circumcised men is actually similar. Of these 2%, 85–95% will respond to topical steroids. Of those who fail this, at least 75% will respond to stretching under local anesthesia, either manually or with a balloon. The arithmetic is simple: At the very most 7 boys in 10,000 may need surgery for preputial stenosis. A number of reports in the medical literature of the United Kingdom indicate that medical doctors are not trained to distinguish between normal developmental tight prepuce in boys and pathological phimosis. This results in cases of misdiagnosis of normal developmental preputial tightness as pathological phimosis in the UK. Alternative treatments for phimosis are effective.
Conservative treatment of phimosis in children using a topical steroid
Cost-effectiveness analysis of treatments for phimosis: a comparison of surgical and medicinal approaches and their economic effect
Topical steroids are a real advance in the treatment of phimosis; this approach, which is supported by many studies, should induce medical decision-makers and practitioners to establish the local application of topical steroids as the standard practice for treating genuine phimosis. We conclude that circumcision cannot be justified, as it is in neither the patient's nor society's interest, and is incompatible with current standards of safety, ethics, effectiveness, and rational spending.
Phimosis: Is circumcision necessary?
Is phimosis overdiagnosed in boys and are too many circumcisions performed in consequence?
It appears that in the Mersey Region many boys are circumcised for development non-retractability of the prepuce rather than for true phimosis and that in consequence some two-thirds of the operations are unnecessary.

Paraphimosis

This is when the foreskin gets retracted and stuck behind the glans causing constriction. Paraphimosis is, again, a rarity, not worthy of prophylactic circumcision of infants. There are conservative treatment options for paraphimosis if and when it does occur.

Hygiene

This is a ridiculous reason for circumcision. Properly washing the penis is enough. Smegma is nothing more than a mixture of sebaceous oils and skin cells. Just like how everyone has dandruff, everyone has smegma. Intact men, women, and yes, even circumcised men.

Further criticisms of various claims

Cultural Bias in the AAP’s 2012 Technical Report and Policy Statement on Male Circumcision
There is growing consensus among physicians, including those in the United States, that physicians should discourage parents from circumcising their healthy infant boys because nontherapeutic circumcision of underage boys in Western societies has no compelling health benefits, causes postoperative pain, can have serious long-term consequences, constitutes a violation of the United Nations’ Declaration of the Rights of the Child, and conflicts with the Hippocratic oath: primum non nocere: First, do no harm.
Circumcision of male infants and children as a public health measure in developed countries: A critical assessment of recent evidence
Although we set aside the burgeoning bioethical debate surrounding the moral permissibility of performing non-therapeutic circumcisions on healthy minors, we argue that, from a scientific and medical perspective, current evidence suggests that such circumcision is not an appropriate public health measure for developed countries such as the United States.
What is the best age to circumcise? A medical and ethical analysis
In other words, according to [Morris et al], while complications from circumcision in early childhood (ages 1 year and older) occur about 4 times as frequently as in the neonatal or infant period—assuming that the cited data are correct; more on this below—there does not appear to be a very large absolute difference between complications arising from such neonatal or infant circumcision and adult circumcision, which is the more ethically relevant comparison in terms of the capacity to consent. In fact, even the relative difference in complication rates appears to be modest: the complication rate for adult circumcision, according to the authors, is between 1.13 and 2.53 times that of NNMC, with ‘virtually all’ of the complications associated with the adult form being ‘mild or moderate’ and ‘effectively treated’. If that is the case, then the marginally greater alleged complication rate in adults (in absolute terms, between 0.2% and 2.3%) is arguably of little medical or ethical significance, whereas the capacity of the adult, compared with the infant, to consent to the procedure is of enormous ethical significance.
The riddle of the sands: Circumcision, history and myth
None of the ancient cultures which practices circumcision have traditionally claimed that the ritual was introduced as a sanitary measure. African tribes, Arabs, Jews, Moslems, and Australian Aboriginals explain it in different ways, but divine command, tribal identification, social role, family obligation, respect for ancestors, and promotion of self-control figure prominently. Jewish authorities make no mention of hygiene, let alone sand, but place stress on the religious significance of circumcision: it is an outward sign of the Covenant between God and his people. The Kaguru of central Tanzania explain circumcision (practiced at puberty on both boys and girls) in terms of enhancing gender differentiation and social control. They consider the uncircumcised penis unclean because it's moistness males men resemble women, whose wet and regularly bleeding genitals are considered polluting.
Critique of African RCTs into Male Circumcision and HIV Sexual Transmission
On the basis of three seriously flawed sub-Saharan African randomized clinical trials into female-to-male (FTM) sexual transmission of HIV, in 2007 WHO/UNAIDS recommended circumcision (MC) of millions of African men as an HIV preventive measure, despite the trials being compromised by irrational motivated reasoning, inadequate equipoise, selection bias, inadequate blinding, problematic randomization, trials stopped early with exaggerated treatment effects, and failure to investigate non-sexual transmission. Several questions remain unanswered. Why were the trials carried out in countries where more intact men were HIV+ than in those where more circumcised men were HIV+? Why were men sampled from specific ethnic subgroups? Why were so many men lost to follow-up? Why did men in the intervention group receive additional counselling on safe sex practices? The absolute reduction in HIV transmission associated with MC was only 1.3 % (without even adjusting for known sources of error bias). Relative reduction was reported as 60 %, but after correction for lead-time bias alone averaged 49 %. In a related Ugandan RCT into male-to-female (MTF) transmission, there was a 61 % relative increase (6 % absolute increase) in HIV infection among female partners of circumcised men, some of whom were not informed that their male partners were HIV+ (also some of the men were not informed by the researchers that they were HIV+). It appears that the number of circumcisions needed to infect a woman (Number Needed to Harm) was 16.7, with one woman becoming infected for every 17 circumcisions performed. As the trial was stopped early for “futility,” the increase in HIV infections was not statistically significant, although clinically significant. In the Kenyan trial, MC was associated with at least four new incident infections. Since MC diverts resources from known preventive measures and increases risk-taking behaviors, any long-term benefit in reducing HIV transmission remains dubious.
A comparison of condom use perceptions and behaviours between circumcised and intact men attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in the United States
This investigation compared circumcised and intact (uncircumcised) men attending sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics on condom perceptions and frequencies of use. Men (N = 316) were recruited from public clinics in two US states. Circumcision status was self-reported through the aid of diagrams. Intact men were less likely to report unprotected vaginal sex (P < 0.001), infrequent condom use (P = 0.02) or lack of confidence to use condoms (P = 0.049). The bivariate association between circumcision status and unprotected sex was moderated by age (P < 0.001), recent STD acquisition (P < 0.001) and by confidence level for condom use (P < 0.001). The bivariate association between circumcision status and infrequent condom use was also moderated by age (P = 0.002), recent STI acquisition (P = 0.02) and confidence level (P = 0.01). Multivariate findings supported the conclusion that intact men may use condoms more frequently and that confidence predicts use, suggesting that intervention programmes should focus on building men's confidence to use condoms, especially for circumcised men.
The Fragility Index in HIV/AIDS Trials
The recent report by Wayant and colleagues on the fragility index did not include the African randomized clinical trials on HIV and adult male circumcision. Analysis of these trials may provide insight into the interaction between p values and fragility in overpowered studies. The three trials shared nearly identical methodologies, the same sources of differential bias (lead-time bias, attrition bias, selection bias, and confirmation bias), and nearly identical results. All three trials were powered to demonstrate an absolute risk reduction of 1%. All three were discontinued prematurely following interim analyses that satisfied pre-established early termination criteria.
Circumcision, performed as a prophylactic surgery on infants, does not meet any acceptable standard of health to be considered "medically beneficial." Of the three main claims, only one of them has any bearing on the child's health before reaching the age of consent (UTIs). Even assuming the above numbers are all accurate, we are left with miniscule reductions of issues that were unlikely to occur regardless whilst ignoring any benefit to the foreskin or any value it may have to it's owner. We do not see these issues plaguing intact men on a large scale, further showing that these are nothing more than excuses to retroactively justify something that was already being done.
Amputation of the prepuce is admissible under the same circumstances for amputating any other body part:

Just like with any amputation, preputial amputation should be an absolute last resort to an existing problem when alternative tissue-preserving therapies are no longer options.

submitted by DarthEquus to MensLib [link] [comments]


2020.08.09 01:49 JacobInAustin In re End Childhood Marriage Act, 2020 DX 1

Supreme Court for the State of Dixie

In re End Childhood Marriage Act

Williams v. State of Dixie

No. 20-04 Decided on April 13th, 2020

Justice dewey-cheatem delivered the opinion of the Court.
I. Background
¶ 1. On grounds of purported infringement on the free exercise of religion and the fundamental right to marriage, Petitioner challenges the constitutionality of the operative section of the End Childhood Marriage Act, B.093 (hereinafter “the Act”), passed by the Dixie Assembly on April 14th, 2019, and signed into law by Governor blockdenied on April 15th, 2019.
¶ 1A. The challenged section provides as follows: (a) No child under the age of eighteen has the right to get married in the state of Dixie (i) Any Civil or Religious person found guilty of breaking this law shall be found guilty of a felony crime against a child (1) Position shall be removed from them (2) No less than 5 years in prison for neglect of the welfare of a child (b) There shall be no religious exemptions to this law
¶ 2. Today we uphold the law in its entirety with the exception of section (a)(i)(1), which would require the removal of religious personnel from their offices.
INTERPRETING THE MEANING OF THE STATUTE
II. Interpreting The Meaning of the Statute
¶ 3. The wording of the statute is not entirely clear, requiring us to discern the practical operation of its provisions. For example, section 2(a) declares that “[n]o child under the age of eighteen has the right to get married in the state of Dixie.” This provision does not itself prohibit child marriage, it merely declares there is no right for persons under eighteen to marry. Taken alone, this provision would simply mean that municipalities and local governments are permitted to decline to recognize child marriages.
¶ 4. However, the canons of statutory interpretation require us to read the entire statute and give effect to all of its provisions. As a result, we conclude that section 2(a), read in conjunction with the other provisions of the statute, not only allows municipalities to prohibit child marriage but further prohibits all child marriage, including both effective participation in it and issuances of licenses recognizing it.
¶ 5. For example, subsection 2(a)(i) imposes criminal sanctions against “any civil or religious person” (emphasis added). Because only judges and clerks may issue marriage licenses, the language encompasses “any” civil or religious “person”--as opposed to limiting the language to clerks or judges--compels the conclusion that the statute reaches both civilly-recognized and privately-practiced child marriages.
¶ 6. This understanding is supported by the Act’s legislative history. The persons speaking on the floor in support of the bill spoke about the prohibition in broad terms. For example, cold_brew_coffee called for the body to pass the Act so that “no minor can be coerced into an unscrupulous marriage.” Likewise, GuiltyAir said:
¶ 6A. It's without a doubt that I fully stand in support of this bill and I question the morality of those who don't. I know a lot of you see this bill today are probably already thinking that child marriages are already banned, but that just isn't true. It happens in America more than any one of us would like and I'm glad that Dixie is tackling the issue head-on. There is absolutely no reason nor should there be of someone under the age of 18 getting married, which is the age of consent and generally regarded as the age when someone becomes an adult.
¶ 7. In speaking this broadly about the breadth and likely effect of the Act, these commentators confirm that the purpose of the Assembly was to reach beyond declining to recognize a “right” to child marriage to withdraw all legal recognition and to impose criminal sanction upon those practicing child marriage in private.
III. Statute Constitutional Generally
A. Free Exercise
¶ 8. We hold that, while strict scrutiny applies due to the free exercise standard announced in Carey v. Dixie Inn, 2020 U.S. 1, and due to Dixie’s religious freedom law, the law is constitutional except for the single provision addressed infra because it is narrowly tailored to advance a compelling government interest.
1. Strict Scrutiny Applies
¶ 9. The high standard of strict scrutiny applies for two independent reasons.
¶ 10. First, it has become increasingly apparent that the standard governing First Amendment free exercise claims is no longer the relaxed standard of “rational basis” set forth in Employment Division v. Smith, 494 U.S. 872 (1990), but rather strict scrutiny, as previously articulated by this Court in Carey v. Dixie Inn, Dx. No. 19-21 (Sept. 2019) (“We concur with the appellee that Smith is simply no longer an applicable test as the United States Supreme Court has since moved on from its usage”) and reiterated on appeal by the Supreme Court in that same case, Carey v. Dixie Inn, 2020 U.S. 1, ¶ 12 (“When . . . thoughts or words turn to behavior -- to ACTION -- those actions, as manifestations of the religious beliefs (whatever they are) can be regulated, but only when such regulations are necessary to a compelling state interest, are narrowly tailored to achieve the purpose, and use the least restrictive means of achieving the purpose.”). See also In re Stopping Abuse and Indoctrination of Children Act, 100 M.S. Ct. 111 (2016) (applying strict scrutiny to neutral and generally applicable statute challenged on free exercise grounds).
¶ 11. Second, Dixie statutory law, Dx. Stat. § 761.03, requires that where the government “substantially burden[s] a person’s exercise of religion, even if the burden results from a rule of general applicability” the government must “demonstrate[ ] that application of the burden to the person” is “in furtherance of a compelling governmental interest” and “the least restrictive means of furthering that compelling governmental interest.” See Carey v. Dixie Inn, 2018 Dx. App. 1, at 3 (2018), *aff’d Dx. No. 19-21 (Sept. 2019) (applying section 761.03).
¶ 12. Because we find strict scrutiny applies for these two distinct reasons, we need not reach the question of whether the law is “neutral” or “generally applicable.”
2. The Statute Survives Strict Scrutiny
¶ 13. Notwithstanding that strict scrutiny applies, the statute is constitutional because the statute advances a compelling government interest and does so in a manner narrowly tailored to achieve that government interest.
¶ 14. We reach this conclusion pursuant to an independent analysis because while once strict scrutiny was considered “strict in theory but fatal in fact,” Gerald Gunther, The Supreme Court, 1971--Forward: In Search of Evolving Doctrine on a Changing Court: A Model for a Newer Equal Protection, 86 Harv. L. Rev., 1, 8 (1972), this is no longer the case. E.g., Note: Strict in Theory, Not Fatal in Fact: An Analysis of Federal Affirmative Action Programs in the Wake of Adarand v. Pena, 11 St. John’s J. Legal Comment 101 (1996). Most recently, the United States Supreme Court in its decision in Dixie Inn applied strict scrutiny but nonetheless upheld the statute in question. See Carey v. Dixie Inn, 2020 U.S 1.
¶ 15. We begin by noting that the statute advances a compelling government interest in preserving the health and well-being of minors. The legislative findings of the Act, for example, notes that under child marriages girls “are more likely to face health risks and the families are more likely to perpetuate the cycle of poverty.”
¶ 16. It is well-established that preserving the health and well-being of the public, and of minors in particular, constitutes a compelling government interest. See, e.g., Regents of Univ. of Cal. v. Bakke, 438 U.S. 265, 310 (1978) (“It may be assumed that in some situations a State's interest in facilitating the health care of its citizens is sufficiently compelling to support the use of a suspect classification.”); Buchwald v. Univ. of N.M. Sch. of Med., 159 F.3d 487, 498 (10th Cir.1998) (citing Bakke to conclude that “public health is a compelling government interest”); Legatus v. Sebelius, 901 F. Supp. 2d 980, 991 (E.D. Mich. 2012); Mead v. Holder, 766 F. Supp. 2d 16, 43 (D.D.C.2011) (“The Government clearly has a compelling interest in safeguarding the public health by regulating the health care and insurance markets.”); Dickerson v. Stuart, 877 F. Supp. 1556, 1559 (M.D.Fla.1995) (“The State of Florida has a compelling interest in the health of expectant mothers and the safe delivery of newborn babies.”).
¶ 17. Furthermore, the statute is narrowly tailored to advance these compelling interests. The statute here targets harms specific to child marriage, which are well-documented. E.g., Nour, Nawal M. “Health consequences of child marriage in Africa.” Emerging infectious diseases vol. 12,11 (2006): 1644-9. doi:10.3201/eid1211.060510. Indeed, the United Nations has identified child marriage as a serious global problem, explaining “[c]hild marriage threatens the lives, well-being and futures of girls around the world.” E.g., Child Marriage, UNICEF, available at https://www.unicef.org/protection/child-marriage. One study, for example, has outlined the harms that necessarily result from child marriage and specifically cites to research conducted by the United Nations:
¶ 17A. The negative consequences of child marriage are considerable for girls, their families, their communities, and ultimately their countries. At the individual level, child marriage deprives girls of basic human rights and marks an abrupt end to childhood, bringing on a rapid transition to adulthood and forcing girls to take on adult roles and responsibilities before they are developmentally ready (UNICEF 2001 and 2005; Mathur, Greene, and Malhotra 2003; Jain and Kurz 2007). Moreover, because child marriage in most societies is quickly followed by childbearing, the risk of maternal mortality and morbidity and infant mortality increases (UNICEF 2001 and 2005; Bott et al. 2003; Mathur, Greene, and Malhotra 2003; Save the Children 2004; Mensch, Singh, and Casterline 2005). Young married girls are also at greater risk of intimate partner violence (IPV) (Santhya et al. 2010) and HIV/AIDS (Clark 2004). Child marriage is negatively associated with girls’ education as well. Although the direction of causality in this relationship likely runs in both directions, the evidence is strong that girls with low levels of schooling are more likely to be married early, and child marriage typically puts an end to a girl’s education (Jejeebhoy 1995; Mathur, Greene, and Malhotra 2003; Mensch, Singh, and Casterline 2005). Lack of education and restricted access to peers limit a child bride’s support systems; without skills, mobility, and connections, her ability to overcome poverty for herself, her children, and her family is hindered (Preston-Whyte et al. 1990; Singh 1998; Zabin and Kiragu 1998). Susan Lee‐Rife, et al., What Works to Prevent Child Marriage: A Review of the Evidence, 43 Studies in Family Planning 287 (2012).
¶ 18. These harms are specifically linked to child marriage and are demonstrably caused by child marriage. While the state can seek to advance the general interest of child well-being in other ways, prohibition of child marriage is the only way the state can address the harms caused by child marriage itself.
¶ 19. For similar reasons, Petitioner’s insistence that the state is able to address the evils associated with child marriage, such as sexual abuse and rape, in the absence of prohibiting child marriage carries no weight. Notably, statutory rape statutes do not extend to the marital relationship.
¶ 20. Petitioner also claims that the state could achieve its interests more narrowly by requiring parental and judicial consent and by raising the minimum age for marriage to 17.1 This argument is unpersuasive.
1 Meta: In briefing, Petitioner invoked Florida Statute section 741.04, which restricts the circumstances under which a certificate to marry may be issued to persons under 18, is proof that the Act is not “narrowly tailored.” However, that statute was passed and signed into law before (March 2018) the date of canon divergence (July 2018) but not effective until July 2018, subsequent to the date of canon divergence and therefore is not in effect in the Model US Government Universe. Instead, we treat this argument as a hypothetical alternative proposal advanced by Petitioner.
¶ 21. First, Petitioner herself is 16 years old. Accordingly, even if Petitioner were right that the instant statute is unconstitutional, she would still be unable to marry under her own hypothetical proposal. Second, Petitioner’s arguments aimed at the instant statute apply with equal force to her own hypothetical proposal.
¶ 22. Third, and most important, however: the proposal’s “narrower” prohibition on child marriage does not address all concerns the legislature sought to address. For example, Petitioner’s hypothetical may require parental consent and judicial approval of certain child marriages but such consent and approval often fails to prevent egregious harms. In one column in The New York Times, Nicholas Kristof recounted the tale of a child who was forced by her parents to marry her rapist; the judge approved the marriage “to end the rape investigation” and told her “[w]hat we want is for you to get married.” Nicholas Kristof, 11 Years Old, a Mom, and Pushed to Marry Her Rapist in Florida, New York Times (May 26, 2017), https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/26/opinion/sunday/it-was-forcedon-me-child-marriage-in-the-us.html. While the hypothetical would also raise the minimum wage, the requirement of parental and judicial approval is obviously insufficient. In addition, all minors, not just those under 17, suffer under childhood marriage because by virtue of being minors they face greater barriers to objecting to or leaving the marriage than non-minors.
¶ 23. Fourth, the Act recognizes and reacts to the reality that child marriage is practiced both through legal recognition and without such recognition. Famously, the leader of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints took on several child brides, notwithstanding his inability to obtain marriage licenses for those marriages. Chris Baynes, Warren Jeffs: Child bride reveals horrors of life under fundamentalist Mormon sect leader, The Independent (Feb. 20, 2018), available at https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/warren-jeffs-child-bride-horrors-mormon-sect-leader-elissa-wall-a8219246.html. The Act furthers the government’s interest in protecting children from these situations because, first, many of the harms associated with child marriage still exist without legal recognition of the union and even if the child spouse is not subjected to sexual activity and, second, because prosecutions for statutory rape in this context is extraordinarily hard. Jeffs, for example, is currently serving a prison term for sexually assaulting two underage girls--but he had dozens of wives, many of them underage.
¶ 24. For these reasons, we find that the Act is narrowly tailored to advance a compelling government interest and, therefore, is constitutional.
B. Fundamental Right to Marry
¶ 25. Petitioner also claims that the Act violates the fundamental right to marry as guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment and also, supposedly, by the Dixie constitution. We address each contention in turn.
¶ 26. First, there can be little doubt that there exists a fundamental right to marry guaranteed by the United States Constitution. [cite]. Even assuming, without holding, that such a right applies to Petitioner, this does not mean the statute must fail: a fundamental right triggers strict scrutiny, not necessarily a finding of unconstitutionality. In a case considering a constitutional challenge to a ban on same-sex marriage, for example, the Ninth Circuit specifically addressed child marriage:
¶ 26A. "[F]undamental rights may sometimes permissibly be abridged: when the laws at issue further compelling state interests, to which they are narrowly tailored. Although such claims are not before us, it is not difficult to envision that states could proffer substantially more compelling justifications for such laws than have been put forward in support of the same-sex marriage bans at issue here." Latta v. Otter, 771 F.3d 456, 478 n. 2 (9th Cir. 2014).
¶ 27. Although this passage is dicta, it is also an uncontroversial proposition: that, even assuming the fundamental right to marry applies to child marriages, the standard of strict scrutiny is met because, as outlined above, because prohibiting child marriage is narrowly tailored to advance a compelling government interest.
¶ 28. Petitioner also invokes a “right to marriage” putatively guaranteed by Article I, Section 27 of the Dixie Constitution. Yet that provision guarantees no right: it merely “defines” marriage as “the legal union of only one man and one woman as husband and wife” and bars recognition of any “other legal union.” This provision was adopted as a constitutional amendment in 2008 to prevent recognition of same-sex marriage; it was adopted to restrict the rights of Dixieans, not expand them. In fact, if anything, Section 27 precludes any recognition of child marriage under state law. By defining marriage as between “one man and one woman,” section 27 restricts marriage to two adult humans: the definition of “man” is “an adult human male” and the definition of “woman” is “an adult human female.”
IV. Removal of Ministers Unconstitutional
¶ 29. By demanding the removal of offenders from “civil and religious” positions, section (a)(i)(1) of the Act violates the constitutional right to free exercise of religion and prohibition on the establishment of religion. “The Establishment Clause prevents the Government from appointing ministers, and the Free Exercise Clause prevents it from interfering with the freedom of religious groups to select their own.” Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church & Sch. v. Equal Emp't Opportunity Comm'n, 565 U.S. 171, 184 (2012). Thus the Supreme Court has recognized a “ministerial exception,” a constitutional principle which prohibits such interference.
¶ 30. Were Section (a)(i)(1) permitted to stand, it would result in the government dictating to religious entities who could and could not serve as their clergy or other ministerial positions, an unacceptable outcome that flies in the face of all constitutional jurisprudence. Id. at 190-191 (noting appellate court consensus that “the ministerial exception is not limited to the head of a religious congregation”).
¶ 31. We therefore find Section (2)(a)(i)(1) unconstitutional and enjoin its enforcement to the extent it applies to the removal of persons covered by the constitutional ministerial exception.
V. Conclusion
¶ 32. For the reasons set forth above, we find that the statute is constitutional except as to Section 2(a)(i)(1).
submitted by JacobInAustin to ModelOpinions [link] [comments]


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submitted by superdupermak to GlobalOffensiveTrade [link] [comments]


2020.07.30 03:55 Sophia_Forever Hey! Are you hurting? Looking for advice and resources on how to cope? Have advice or resources to submit? Look here! (Part 3: Return of the Helping)

I really want to keep this thread open and the last two were archived. I'll try to repost everything here but if you're interested in seeing the old one you can find it here and here.

Hey.
Mental illness sucks. It sucks so much. But one thing that helps is to not go through it alone. Welcome to /TrollCoping. This sub was started with the intention of helping people cope with mental illness through laughter. As CrankyCrow said when they started it:
TrollCoping is basically just a place to post mental health memes as I feel most mental health subs are very serious and depressing as many users there seems to be at their lowest point. For someone like me who went through that years ago I needed a more lighthearted space to vent as my mental illness has gone from being life-destroying to annoying. I'm medicated, done with therapy and too jaded to take my bad days seriously so the sub is basically made to reflect that: been there, done that and now I'm making bad jokes about it.
Since it was started it has evolved to be a general place for people to share their successes, failures, goals, setbacks, advice, and desire to be better. We don't just steep ourselves in depression here. We're here to help each other get better. Sometimes that means some kind words, an ear to listen, and a shoulder to cry on. Other times it means sharing advice and resources.
In this thread will be a collection of /TrollCoping's best advice and resources. In the main post will be a collection of official resources and in the comments will be people's best advice. Please take the advice seriously but also with a grain of salt. We are not doctors. We are patients and sufferers who can only pass on advice for how to deal. If you're interested in giving advice, please make sure it's easy to find with [ctrl + F].
But you're stronger than you realize and things will get better. Until then, please let us be your community to help you through.

Suicide Hotlines

In America, text ANSWER to 839863 or START to 741-741
In Canada, you can call 1-833-456-4566 or check out TheLifelineCanada for more lines or Crisis Services Canada for province specific services.
Crisis Text Line is now in Canada. Text HOME to 686868
/SuicideWatch maintains a collection of Suicide hotlines for both Americans and people in other countries. The long list can be found here.
Are you scared to call a hotline because you don't know what they'll do? Look here for a general guide to what to expect and frequently asked questions.
If you are experiencing a mental health emergency, please call one of these hotlines or 9-1-1 or go to the emergency room. Yeah, inpatient can suck really bad. But it's better than the alternative.
Feel free to stop by /SuicideWatch if you want to talk with people.

If you want to lend aid to those suffering...

Taking care of others can be a great and rewarding thing. But you need to know how to do it right, you need to know how to not let it get too much for you to handle, and you need to know that you are not a doctor. If someone is suicidal and you want to help them, getting them medical treatment needs to be the end goal. I highly recommend reading through /SWResources and learning how to properly talk to those who are suicidal. You'll learn how to assess risk and how to encourage someone to get help. But again, you are not a doctor and the goal needs to be getting them to see one. You may have misgivings or bad experiences with the medical profession. I recognize that the medical profession has a lot of problems and people can be treated really poorly in emergency services. A bad stay in the ER is better than dying from suicide. Suicide is the result of sickness and sicknesses need to be treated by doctors. This will not be debated in this thread but if you'd like to, I encourage you to make a post and we can talk about it.
Also, I am certified in Mental Health First Aid which does a good job of teaching people how to handle mental health crisises. You might look them up if helping others is something you're interested. Here's their website. You can consider getting certified or just using their resources to learn.

Online Therapies and Apps

Here's a bunch globally, with a focus on Text / IM - https://www.nowmattersnow.org/help-line
Anyone in the UK, MIND have a list of resources, which are not all phones, many include emails, and some offer phone / chat / skype - https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/guides-to-support-and-services/crisis-services/telephone-support/#.W65xjflG2Uk
-thisisappropriate
You can text ANSWER to 839863 or START to 741-741 to be connected to crisis lines that will talk to you via text.
7cups.com "You can live chat with a free listener, contact professional (there's a free trial) and talk with the community. There's also mindfulness exercises and self-help guides for all kinds of issues." -doorabl
MoodGYM "moodgym is like an interactive self-help book which helps you to learn and practise skills which can help to prevent and manage symptoms of depression and anxiety."
https://www.crisistextline.org
Breathe2Relax is an app that helps you practise breathing exercises that can help with anxiety.
If you're looking for a resource for discounted therapy (as in you are uninsured/under insured) to share, I'd like to suggest Open Path Collective. I signed up about a month ago and have finally started therapy!
(Full disclosure, you have to pay to sign up, but you're a lifetime member and you can always switch therapists. No, I don't work for them, I just want to share with everyone because I am happy to have found it and started, and I know other people allow money to be a roadblock on their path to mental health like me. It isn't free or close to free, but it is definitely discounted/$30—60 max a session.)
Openpathcollective.org
-heart-cooks-brain
Therapyforblackgirls - A place for black women to find culturally sensitive therapy.

Addiction and Sobriety

Here are links to some programs provided by /redditorsinrecovery.
Alcoholics Anonymous
Al-Anon Family Groups
Agnostics Alocholics Anonymous
Buddhist Recovry Network
Celebrate Recovery
Cocaine Anonymous
Crystal Meth Anonymous
Dual Recovery Anonymous
Gambler's Anonymous
Heroine Anonymous World
Life Ring - Secular Recovery
Marijuana Anonymous
My way Out Alcoholism Recovery
Narcotics Anonymous
Rational Recovery - Substance Addiction Recovery
SOS Sobriety
SMART Recovery
Women for Sobriety
Also, here are a bunch of subs for recovery.

Domestic Abuse

"Safety Alert: Computer use can be monitored and is impossible to completely clear. If you are afraid your internet usage might be monitored, call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-7233 or TTY 1-800-787-3224."
-Taken from The National Domestic Abuse Hotline Website. They also say if you use Microsoft Edge you will be redirected to Google when clicking the “X” or “Escape” button hile visiting this site.

LGBT

PFLAG is a resource for both LGBT individuals and their families.
The Trevor Project 866-488-7386
https://www.glbtnearme.org/
/LGBT has a directory of other LGBT subreddits.

Trans Health and Support

The Trevor Project 866-488-7386
http://www.thetrevorproject.org/section/resources
Trans Lifeline US: (877) 565-8860
http://www.translifeline.org/
Trans Legal Helpline
RAD Remedies (search engine specifically for trans stuff)
/AskTransgender has a longer list of resources for people not in America
And here are a list of related subreddits
Article dump from /mypartneristrans. This is mainly articles for sharing with friends and family. It's also three years old so some links may be broken.

HIV/AIDS

slyder565 collected good resources a few years back. Here is the original comment but just in case it ever gets deleted this is the comment:
"For more information on HIV/AIDS, how to protect yourself, your partners, and your community, or to get involved in fundraising or activism, check out these links and head to Google for local information.
amFAR
San Francisco Aids Foundation
AIDS Healthcare Foundation
CDC
WebMD
If you think you may have been exposed to HIV, please find a testing facility near you.
Canada
USA"
UK
Global information
(there's one or two more links in the original thread)

Teens

queerbooksforteens.com
The Trevor Project 866-488-7386 is LGBT support for teens.
http://askthejudge.info/ - Legal questions from teens.
It Gets Better Project
UK Childline (for all people up to the age of 19) - 0800 1111.
Kids Help - Canada (under 19): 800-668-6868
Kids Help - Australia 1800 55 1800
Child Helpline (EU) Telephone: 116 111 which is supported by Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Greece, Spain, Finland, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, Slovenia, Slovakia, United Kingdom, and Malta.

Eating Disorders

/EDanonymous's list of recovery resources

Thanks

Thanks to everyone who contributed links and stuff for the resources. Unfortunately I realized that I wasn't writing down where a lot of stuff was coming from. If you remember recommending something to me but don't see credit, please let me know so I can give credit where credit is due.
submitted by Sophia_Forever to TrollCoping [link] [comments]


MY 16 HIV/AIDS SYMPTOMS - YouTube UK & Kenyan School Partner to Provide Education for HIV/AIDS Orphans Deceived into Catching HIV: My Story - YouTube HIV DATING UK - YouTube HIV dating sites Living With HIV: Dating & Relationships My Journey With HIV/AIDS: Danny West, HIV Positive Man Living With The Stigma Of HIV - YouTube Man didn't tell partners he had HIV - YouTube

How to Protect Your Partner if You’re HIV-Positive

  1. MY 16 HIV/AIDS SYMPTOMS - YouTube
  2. UK & Kenyan School Partner to Provide Education for HIV/AIDS Orphans
  3. Deceived into Catching HIV: My Story - YouTube
  4. HIV DATING UK - YouTube
  5. HIV dating sites
  6. Living With HIV: Dating & Relationships
  7. My Journey With HIV/AIDS: Danny West, HIV Positive Man
  8. Living With The Stigma Of HIV - YouTube
  9. Man didn't tell partners he had HIV - YouTube

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